Crops Subsector (ER)

 MAJOR CROP PRODUCTION

 Crop production is the dominant agricultural activity in the region. It accounts for 70-85% of agricultural output.                                                                                    

Table: Major crops produced in the region

  C R O P MAJOR AREA OF PRODUCTION
Maize Afram Plains, West Akim, Yilo-Krobo, New Juaben,

East Akim, Upper  Manya-Krobo and Suhum

Plantain Birim South, Fanteakwa, East Akim, West Akim, Kwahu

South and Akuapem North

Cassava West Akim,Yilo-Krobo, New Juaben, Kwahu South, Birim South,

Akwapim South Upper Manya Krobo, Suhum and Akwapim North

Yam Afram Plains, Yilo-Krobo and Akwapim North
Groundnut Afram Plains
Cocoyam Fanteakwa
Oil Palm Kwaebibirem, Birim South, Birim North and West Akim
Cowpea Afram Plains, Yilo-Krobo
Mango Yilo Krobo, Lower  and Upper Manya Krobo
Pineapple & Pawpaw &Pawpaw Akuapem North & South, Suhum Kraboa-Coaltar
Vegetables Kwahu East, Kwahu South, Yilo-Krobo, West Akim, Suhum,

Akuapem South, Kwahu  West  and East Akim

Inland /Valley Rice Kwaebibirem, Birim South, Birim Central, Birim North, Akyemansa, Atiwa East Akim, Fanteakwa, Kwahu West 
Irrigated Rice Lower Manya

  

Table:  BASIC AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS- 2010, EASTERN REGION

DISTRICTS NUMBER OF HOLDERS CULTIVATING A PARTICULAR CROP 2010
Mz Cv Cy Ym Ri Pl Tm GE Ok Pp Cp Pw Pn Gn On
New Juaben 14,668 10,089 575     5,199     2 4 221        
Fanteakwa 20,349 24,003 15,008   44 11,786 5,363     11, 761          
East Akim 14,648 16,449 7,964 1,476 6 12,673                  
Atiwa 7072 18426 13413 87 82 17613                  
Kwahu West 10608 10897 952 408 32 8472.8                  
Kwahu South 28616 29574 21800 14395   21,952               2896  
Afram Plains 13,351 13,686   5,925 138       1086 6,971 1955     10270  
Suhum .K. Coaltar 5,199 33,949 2,485     14,934                  
West Akim 11,786 27,843 9,984 3,638 67 14,244 3638     5,916          
Kwaebibirem 12,673   5,310 78 221 13,235       3,756          
Birim South & 29480 30686 23,517 503 302 22981 402     2680          
Birim North 32050 32921 15787 11114 8,290 28829                  
Akuapem South 22383 22305 39 1254   1862 1744   157 1450   137 4332    
Akuapem

North

32930 32859 5509 616   8642 334   1302 3397          
Yilo Krobo 21,837 22,732 6,075 8,592   4256 4,884 2448 3440 6,768 71     353  
Manya Krobo         ( Upper & Lower)

 

24255 23001 34 407   542 847   112 1897 237        
Asuogyaman 14,040 12,672   2175   1338       2113          
Total 315,945 362,092 128452 50668 9182 188,559 17212 2448 6099 34952 2484 137 4332 13519  

 

Source:  SRID MRACLS, 2010

 

CROP PERFORMANCE

Table: ANNUAL PRODUCTION FIGURES FOR MAJOR SELECTED CROPS PRODUCED IN THE REGION

PRODUCTION ESTIMATES- 2007 PRODUCTION ESTMATES -2008 PRODUCTION ESTMATES -2009 PRODUCTION ESTMATES -2010
CROP Area

(Ha)

Yield

(Mt/Ha)

Production (Mt) Area

(Ha)

Yield

(Mt/Ha)

Production (Mt) Area

(Ha)

Yield

(Mt/Ha)

Production (Mt) Area

(Ha)

Yield

(Mt/Ha)

Production (Mt)
Maize 136,212 1.67 227,505 142,311 1.97 280,806 169,000 1.80 303,400 173,050 2.20 380,505
Rice 10,798 1.71 18,492 7,047 2.52 17,757 7,310 2.70 19,740 6,630 3.12 20,703
Cassava 177,710 14.74 2,619,247 182,366 16.06 2,929,343 183,650 16.68 3,062,770 185,650 19.49 3,618,825
Yam 39,806 16.13 642,001 38,682 17.76 686,875 40,550 18.79 762,050 39,150 18.21 712,890
Plantain 79,160 9.78 774,253 79,656 9.60 764,679 83,450 10.09 842,210 84,400 9.95 839,480
Cocoyam 52,566 7.74 406,960 49,328 8.29 408,803 42,400 8. 45 358,130 30,840 8.13 250,789
Pineapple*                   3,739* 62* 693574.4*

*=  FIGURES FROM ONLY AKUAPEM SOUTH MUNICIPAL 

The region’s major crops performance is presented in the above table. The table shows that the major food crops, such as maize, rice and cassava recorded increases in their production (Mt) as compared to 2009 levels due to the good climatic conditions experienced during the year especially in the minor season.  Production level of maize appreciated by 25.41 % whiles that of Rice and Cassava rose by4.88% and18.16 %, respectively. Plantain, Cocoyam and Yam dropped by 0.32%, 29.97%, and 6.45%, respectively while the decrease in the production level for plantain is attributable to strong winds that destroyed a lot of plantain farms, whilst that of cocoyam could be traced to the fact that conscious effort is not being made towards the cultivation of the crop. Furthermore the use of herbicide to control weeds appears to be hindering the sprouting of wild corms hence the reduction in production level.

 

Table: AREA, YIELD AND PRODUCTION OF SELECTED TREE CROPS

  OIL PALM CITRUS MANGO
  NUMBER OF FARMERS/FARMS AREA CROPPED  (HA) HARVESTABLE AREA (HA) YIELD (MT/HA) OUTPUT (MT) NUMBER OF FARMERS/FARMS AREA CROPPED  (HA) HARVESTABLE AREA (HA) YIELD (MT/HA) OUTPUT (MT) NUMBER OF FARMERS/FARMS AREA CROPPED  (HA) HARVESTABLE AREA (HA) YIELD (MT/HA) OUTPUT (MT)
West Akim 1,182 1,976.6 1,218.0 11.8 14,367.1 610 960.6 710.7 22.8 16,208.6 0 0 0
East Akim 403 643.0 383.2 19.7 7,548.7 134 135.3 96.1 26.0 2,500.6 0 0 0
Suhum-Kraboa-Coaltar 827 1,098.3 561.5 9.3 5,225.5 551 531.5 247.0 16.0 3,961.4 3 8.5 2.0 9.1 18.5
Kwahu South & East 410 541.5 162.0 8.8 1,425.8 223 157.7 79.9 36.8 2,936.1 0 0 0
Kwahu West 462 629.2 271.3 9.2 2,484.2 693 620.5 283.1 19.7 5,573.4 0 0 0
Afram Plains 68 98.8 50.9 7.9 401.8 30 20.7 12.0 20.9 250.0 10 44.3 0.2 7.4 1.5
Fanteakwa 423 755.4 373.9 7.3 2,727.8 17 14.8 12.8 8.9 113.3 0 0 0  
Kilo Krobo 200 1,016.0 276.2 9.1 2,500.0
Upper& Lower Manya Krobo 258 224.0 95.3 8.4 800.0
Atiwa 295 361.0 205.7 9.2 1,902.7 241 170.0 105.5 34.2 3,611.0
New Juabeng 124 173.2 101.3 6.5 655.8 64 37.9 14.6 20.5 300.2 1
Akwapim South 475 966.0 744.7 10.2 7,567.8 92 133.1 99.9 28.4 2,836.6 3 14.0
Akwapim North 111 285.0 125.0 22.1 2,761.1 231 792.0 489.3 10.3 5,050.4 155 1,324.1 1,052.2 7.5 7,901.0
Birim South & Central 1,101 1,451.0 1,001.7 8.5 8,500.0 700 624.5 488.0 40.9 19,965.1
Birim North 394 766.4 592.3 11.0 6,500.0 238 383.0 267.9 33.0 8,846.0
Kwaebibirem 1,173 3,682.0 2,018.0 8.7 17,500.0 1,066 4,670.0 3,544.5 11.4 40,500.0
Asougyaman 91 125.9 66.4 8.3 550.0 18 25.2 14.4 10.5 151.2 53.0 113.3 16.2 9.4 152.8
TOTAL/ AVERAGE 7,539 13,553 7,876.0 10.2 80,118.3 4,908.0  

9,276.7

 

6,465.7

17.4 112,803.9  

683

2,744.2  

1,442.1

7.9 11,373.8

Source: SRID/MOFA, Tree Crop Study. 2006


 

Table: DOMESTIC FOOD SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF KEY STAPLES (2010)

 

Staples Total Biological Domestic Production      ( Mt) Production Available for  Human Consumption

( Mt)

Per capita consumption

(Kg/Annum)

Estimated Net consumption (Demand) (000Mt) Deficit/

Surplus           (Mt)

2010 2010 2010 2010 2010
Cereals 392,927 277,160   164139 113,022
Maize 380,505 266,354 43.8 106037 160,317
Rice (paddy) 20,703 14,492
Rice(milled)** 12,422 10,807 24 58102 (47,295)
Starchy staples 5,421,984 4,055,297   773728 3,281,569
Cassava 3,618,825 2,533,178 152.9 370159 2,163,018
Yam 712,890 570,312 41.9 101437 468,875
Cocoyam 250,789 238,250 40 96837 141,413
Plantain 839,480 713,558 84.8 205294 508,264
Notes: Estimated Population for 2010, based on 2000 census figure (2,106,696) and a growth rate of 1.4 % =  2,420,925(2010). * 70% of domestic production for maize and cassava; 87% for rice, millet and sorghum ; 80% for yam,95% for cocoyam; 90% for groundnuts;85% for plantain and cowpea. Livestock feed, wastage and seed account for the discount. ** 60% of paddy rice.

Source: SRID, MOFA

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