Crops Subsector (UE)

CROPS SUB-SECTOR

Naturally the region is blessed to have soils and general environment suitable for crops such as:

Cereals:           Sorghum, Millet, Maize and Rice

Legumes:        Groundnuts, Cowpea, Soybean and Bambarra beans

Fibers: Kenaf, Cotton and Kapok

Roots & Tubers:  Sweet Potato and Frafra Potato

Vegetables: Okro, Pepper and Leafy Vegetables

Non Traditional Export Crops: Sesame, Paprika, Cashew, Mangoes, Sheanuts.

Irrigated Crops: Tomato, Onion, Water/Sweet Melon, Rice, Okro, Pepper and Maize

Cropped Area during the Period 2000-2010

Area Crop In Hectares(Ha)
Crops 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Maize 10,466.0 9,995.0 11,397.0 11,908.0 13,040.0 17,497.0 14,355.0 17,382.0 23,763.0 31,039 37,921
Rice 31,421.0 42,987.0 39,816.0 37,000.0 33,040.0 44,397.0 16,396.0 25,556.0 26,934.0 39,833 47,361
Millet 84,570.0 63,356.0 64,913.0 67,505.0 66,900.0 71,247.0 81,116.0 60,751.0 65,342.0 63,927 60,720
Sorghum 84,532.0 112,220.0 118,881.0 124,500.0 121,500.0 111,678.0 122,809.0 59,280.0 96,602.0 70,536 71,165
G/Nuts 109,426.0 135,710.0 123,842.0 124,500.0 122,805.0 111,860.0 173,792.0 98,476.0 73,150.0 80,066 81,450
Cowpea 0.0 0.0 0.0 54,640.0 61,810.0 61,849.0 52,930.0 45,577.0 46,907.0 33,530 29,403
S. Potato 0.0 0.0 0.0 6,283.0 ── 8,580.0 8,471.0 5,589.0 10,120.0 6,853 6,940
S/ Beans 0.0 0.0 0.0 860.0 ── 14,783.0 1,411.0 8,169.0 13,517.0 20,320 21,510

Yield figures during the Period 2000 – 2010

CROPS Yield  in Tons Per Hectare(T/Ha)
YEAR
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
MAIZE 1.56 1.50 1.61 1.20 1.29 1.21 1.02 0.50 1.59 1.51 1.55
RICE 2.14 2.00 2.10 2.05 1.55 1.58 3.20 1.61 3.16 2.81 2.81
MILLET 0.87 0.83 0.83 0.98 0.74 0.82 0.80 0.48 1.07 1.14 0.97
SORGHUM 1.11 1.20 1.16 0.53 0.93 1.12 1.15 0.56 1.27 1.24 1.14
G/NUTS 1.10 1.10 0.95 1.20 0.75 0.93 0.93 0.52 1.21 0.77 0.92
COWPEA 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.81 0.51 1.05 0.88 0.80
SWEETPOTATO 0.00 0.00 0.00 12.09 ── 11.04 11.05 4.26 11.81 10.65 9.30
SOYABEANS 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.67 ── 0.48 0.87 0.60 0.96 0.91 0.98

Production figures from 2000 – 2010

Production (Mt)
Crops Years
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Maize 16,327 15,000 18,390 14,300 16,822 21,216 14,712 8,581 37,783.2 51,143 62,257
Rice 65,381 85,974 36,600 76,000 51,322 69,976 52,417 39,924 85,111.4 111,273 135,222
Millet 70,399 52,583 56,502 66,200 49,506 58,581 65,264 30,155 69,915.9 79,629 64,091
Sorghum 97,849 129,056 132,282 144,000 112,388 124,760 141,214 28,946 122,684.5 97,495 86,614
G/Nuts 103,955 135,710 137,465 149,400 91,899 104,574 161,350 48,774 88,511.5 63,870 73,808
Cowpea 25,134 27,402 27,938 42,901 23,637 49,252.4 26,781 22,800
S.Potato 75,961 94,714 93,603 19,779 119,517.2 72,967 61,570
Soya Beans 570 7,103 1,230 5,278 12,976.3 20,177 22,044

Potential Areas of Production:

Rainfed

Rice Production: Valley bottoms at (Sumbrungu, Kalbeo, Nyariga) in Bolga Municipality, (Pwalugu, Winkogo, Pusu-Namoogo) in Talensi Nabdam, (Wiesi, Gbedembilisi, Fumbisi) in the Builsa District, Kologo -Naga, Tono) in the Kassena Nankana Districts, (Nafkolga, Sakpari, Tamde) in Bawku Municipality (Tamne in Garu Tempane and (Tillie, Widnaba & Lamboya) in the Bawku West District.

Soybean:

Investment into grain production, soya oil extraction and cake production for human and livestock export substitution.

Sesame:

The international market for Sesame is inexhaustible but marketing outlet and investment to promote the production.

Irrigated Crop Production

Maize: It is possible to undertake three cropping sessions per year using pumps between February and July.

Irrigated Rice: Rice production is undertake mostly at Tono and Vea dam-sites as well as use of pump irrigation irrigation at all dam sites. There are two main irrigation projects, the Vea Project in Bolgatanga covering 850 hectares and the Tono Project in Navrongo covering 2,490 hectares. Altogether they provide employment to about 6,000 small-scale farmers. Other water-retaining structures (dams and dugouts) provide water for both domestic and agricultural purposes.

Vegetables: Fresh/ Dried Onion, Chilly Pepper, Water and Sweet Melons for Local/ Export markets potential

Achievements in the Irrigation Subsector in the Region

Yearly Production Figures and Beneficiary by Crop of Dry Season 2nd Cropping Irrigation Scheme

Year Beneficiary Tomato Onion Vegetable Rice
M F Tot Area(ha) Prod-mt Area(ha) Prod-mt Area(ha) Prod-mt Area(ha) Prod-mt
2003/2004 879.00 10,636 63 625.00 10.40 20.80 1,091.0 4,910.00
2004/2005 628.00 6,594.0 50 420.00 18.60 29.76 900.00 3,660.00
2005/2006 655.89 7,805.0 207.9 1,892.00 15.40 12.32 896.50 3,407.00
2006/2007 1,085.00 12,478 211.6 2,010.00 25.60 35.84 623.00 2804.00
2007/2008 9024 2998 12,022 749.95 5,729.28 645.23 7,542.78 67.38 204.20 111.40 311.92
2008/2009 9366 3038 12,404 1,762.34 13,394 618.93 4,407 289.62 565.00 49.24 167.40

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