Kwahu South

 

DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL PROFILE

 

NAME OF DISTRICT                                                   :     Kwahu South

CAPITAL TOWN                                                          :     Mpraeso

SIZE OF DISTRICT                                                       :     1,462 sq. km.

LOCATION                                                                   :     Latitude 60 310 S and 70 N

Longitude 00 E and 10 W

POPULATION                                                              :     82,000 (2000 population and Housing Census)

POPULATION BY GENDER                                        :     Male – 48.0%

Female – 52.0%

POPULATION DENSITY                                             :      130 per sq. km.

GROWTH RATE                                                          :      4.0 %

RURAL-URBAN SPLIT OF POPULATION                 :      Rural – 61.8 %

Urban – 38.2 %

TOPOGRAPHY                                                            :      Gentle, undulating to steep slopes

RAINFALL                                                                    :      Bimodal, with an average annual rainfall of

1,580mm to 1,900mm

SOIL TYPE                                                                   :       Clay and loamy

MAIN RIVER                                                               :       Afram, Pra and Asuboni

VEGETATION                                                              :      Dense, semi-deciduous forest and savannah

RELIGION                                                                     :     Christian-89.5 %,    Islam- 6.9% and Traditionalist-

3.6%

ETHNICITY                                                                   :      Kwahu -66.0%

Ashanti – 17.0%

Ewes -9.0%

Krobos-6.0 %

Northerners – 2.0 %

 

AGRICULTURAL LAND USE

Total land Area     :  1,462sq km

TOTAL CULTIVABLE LAND AREA    : 946 sq km

LAND TENURE SYSTEM      :       Ownership, share cropping (Abunu and Abasa), Leasehold and

Hiring

 

AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT-CROP SECTOR

PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE

Tree Crop   :  Cocoa, Oil Palm, Coffee and Citrus

Industrial Crops   :   Cocoa, Oil Palm, Coffee and Citrus

Root and Tubers   :   Yam, Cassava and Cocoyam

Fruits and Vegetables    : Banana, Plantain, Pineapple, Tomato, Pepper and Onion.

Cereal and Legume      : Maize, Groundnut and Cowpea

 

METHODS OF AGRICULTURE IN THE DISTRICT

(a)    Mono cropping

(b)   Mixed farming

(c)    Use of slash and burn method in place of tractor services which is limited

(d)   The semi-intensive and the free range systems are also used to keep farm animals

 

AGRICULTURAL POPULATION

Average household size    :   4

S/N CROPPING SYSTEM

 

AVERAGE FARM SIZE (HA)
1 Maize-cassava 0.8
2 Cassava-groundnut 0.4
3 Vegetables 0.4
4 Oil palm 0.8
5 Plantain-cocoyam 0.4
6 Coffee-plantain 0.5
7 Cocoa 0.8

PROJECTS/PROGRAMMES

The parent ministry (MOFA) determines projects and programmes in line with the METASIP which is currently the policy framework of the sector.

Projects and Programmes are also determined by the District Assembly and the District Agricultural Development Unit Unit and NGOs based on the needs of farmers.

INTERVENTIONS (PROJECTS AND PROGRAMMES) BEING UNDERTAKEN BY DADU

INTERVENTION/ PROJECT/

PROGRAMME

LOCATION

 

WHEN

STARTED

SOURCE OF FUNDING PROJECT STATUS NO.OF BENEFI-

CIARIES

 

REMARKS

1.MCA Ghana Programme  

District Wide

 

2007

MCA

(of the USA)

Ended on 15th February, 2012 2,800 farmers  benefited from the CDFO program Certificates of beneficiary farmers are being  issued out at the district directorate
2.BLOCK FARM (MAIZE) District Wide

 

April, 2011 GOG 2011 season has ended and awaiting the 2012 package 75 farmers.  31 males and 12 females Final recovery of the 2011 package
3.CODAPEC Black pod Project

 

 

District Wide

 

 

 

2002

 

 

GOG

 

 

On-going

 1,783 farmers, with 1,991 farms are expected to benefit in 2011

 

 

The spraying period spans  May – October,2012

About 2,000 Ha of farmlands are expected to be sprayed in 2010

4.CODAPEC Capsid Project

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

District Wide

 

 

 

2002

 

 

GOG

 

 

On-going

About 6,655 farmers, with  7,870 farms are expected to benefit in 2011

 

 

The spraying period spans Aug.-Dec. 2012

About 23,760 Ha of farmlands are expected to be sprayed in 2010.

5.Root and Tuber Improvement and Marketing Programme

(RTIMP)

 

District wide

 

 

 

May 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

IFAD

 

 

On-going

 

650 Farmers, 458 males and 192 females

Cassava planting materials are freely supplied to farmers to establish both secondary and tertiary fields
6.IFDC fertilizer demonstration

 

District wide April, 2011

 

 AGRA ended 189 farmers comprising of 124 males and 65  females The main objective of the project was to introduce NPK 23: 10: 05  to farmers
7. West Africa Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP) Osubengso-Ntomem Aug,2011 CIDA Ongoing 19 farmers comprising of  13 males and 6 females The aim of the project is to introduce the GAPs in cassava cultivation to nucleus farmer groups

PARTICIPATION OF THE DADU IN THE ASSEMBLY DECISION MAKING PROCESS

The District Agric Unit takes part in the deliberative and decision making process of the District Assembly in the following ways:

(A) Attending and contributing at Assembly Meetings.

(B)Serving on Agric related Committees.

(C) Provides data and makes inputs in the preparation of the Assembly’s Development Plans.

(D) The District Assembly Consults the department on all Agricultural issues in the district.

 

PRIORITY LIST OF THE NEEDS OF THE DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT UNIT

    A) Staffing – Professional and Technical staff.

(B) Early release of funds for MOFA activities.

(C) Logistics and Equipments – Vehicle, Motorbikes and Teaching Aids.

(D) Residential accommodation for staff

 

THE WAY FORWARD

PROJECTS AND PROGRAMMES THE DADU INTENDS TO UNDERTAKE IN THE NEXT THREE (3) YEARS

PROJECT/PROGRAMMES LOCATION IMPLEMENTATION AGENCY SOURCE OF FUNDING
Youth in Agriculture

(a) Mango     Production.

(b) Grasscutter  Production

(c) Vegetable Production

(d) Snail Farming

 

District Wide

 

District Assembly/MOFA

 

GOG/DA

 

Small Scale Irrigation

 

Along the Afram River

 

District Assembly/MOFA

 

 

GOG/District assembly

 

Establish Agric information Centre Nketepa MOFA

 

GOG
Completion of Abandoned Guest House Amate MOFA

 

GOG

MAJOR FOOD/TREE CROPS AND AREAS OF PRODUCTION

MAJOR FOOD/TREE CROP MAJOR AREAS OF PRODUCTION
Maize Kwahu Praso ,Sukwa, Asikam,Kwahu Amanfrom, Asakraka, Amate
Cassava Asikam, Ntomem, Asakraka, Kwahu Praso Osubeng
Yam  Amate, Asakraka
Cocoyam Ntomem, Mframa, Osubeng, Kwahu Praso,Sukwa
Groundnut Amate, Kwahu Amanfrom, Asakraka
Vegetables Amate, Kwahu Amanfrom, Besease, Osubeng
Plantain Ntomem, Mframa, Osubeng, Kwahu Praso, Sukwa
Banana Ntomem, Bepong, Kwahu Praso, Osubeng
Oil Palm Mpraeso, Kwahu Praso, Ntomem, Osubeng
Citrus Kwahu Praso, Atuobikrom, Bepong, Osubeng
Cocoa Ntomem, Osubeng, Atuobikrom, Kwahu Praso, Mframa
Coffee Ntomem, Bepong,
Kola Osubeng, Kwahu Praso
Pineapple Ntomem, Bepong,

ESTIMATED CROP AREA AND PRODUCTION LEVELS

CROP ESTIMATED CROP AREA (HECTARES) ESTIMATED PRODUCTION LEVEL/MT YIELD (MT/HA)
 

Maize

Cassava

Yam

Plantain

Cocoyam

Groundnut

 

6,120

12,265

1,150

6,920

1,120

2,032

 

12,852

183,975

20,700

65,740

8,736

2,642

 

2.1

15.0

18.0

9.5

7.8

1.3

NB: Data covers both Kwahu South and Kwahu East

 

AVERAGE CROP FARM SIZES

CROPPING SYSTEM AVERAGE FARM SIZE (HECTARES)
Maize – Cassava

Cassava – Groundnut

Vegetables

Oil Palm

Citrus

Plantain – Cocoyam

Coffee – Plantain

Cocoa

0.8

0.4

0.4

0.8

0.8

0.4

0.5

0.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIVESTOCK SUBSECTOR

LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY SYSTEM AVERAGE NUMBER OF ANIMALS/FARMER
Cattle

Sheep

Goats

Pigs

Local Fowls

Improved Fowls

200

12

15

5

12

200

 

MAJOR LIVESTOCK AND COMMERCIAL POULTRY AND AREAS OF PRODUCTION

COMMODITY MAJOR AREAS OF PRODUCTION
Cattle

Sheep

Goats

Commercial Poultry

Local Poultry

Amate, Pitiku, Asuboni

District Wide

District Wide

Mpraeso

District Wide

 

MAJOR MARKETS AND THEIR LOCATIONS

MARKET TYPE LOCATION MAJOR FOOD ITEMS SOLD MARKET DAYS
URBAN MARKET Mpraeso Maize, Cassava, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Vegetables, Meat and Fish Monday

 

RURAL MARKET  

Bepong,

Plantain,  Cocoyam, Cassava, Pineapple, Vegetables, Meat and Fish Tuesday and Friday
Ntomem Plantain, Cocoyam, Cassava, Yam, Pineapple, Vegetables Monday and Thursday
Nketepa Fish, Pepper, Sweet potatoes Saturday
Osubeng Plantain, Cocoyam, Cassava, Maize Wednesday and Sunday
Asikam Cassava, Maize, Plantain, Cocoyam Wednesday
Kwahu Praso Maize, Cassava, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Vegetables, Meat and Fish Monday

 

FISHERIES SUBSECTOR

MAJOR FISHING AREAS LANDING SITES
Adawso

Pitiku

Asuboni

Okra Agyei

Nketepa

New Jerusalem

Adawso

Pitiku

Asuboni

Okra Agyei

Nketepa

New Jerusalem

 

MOVEMENT OF COMMODITIES

MARKET COMMODITY MOVEMENT

 

Nketepa Yam, Fish, vegetables ,maize

 

Accra, Tema, Takoradi, Nkawkaw
Ntomem Cassava, cocoyam, plantain Accra, Kumasi and Nkawkaw
Osubeng Maize, cassava, sheep, goats

 

Accra, Koforidua, Nkawkaw
Mframa Maize, Cassava Accra , Tema , Nkawkaw

 

COMMODITY DYNAMICS   

INFLOWS  

 

 

 

 

From

 

MOVEMENT  

 

 

 

 

Into

MARKET   OUTFLOWS  

 

 

 

Move to

MOVEMENT
Yam Techiman

 

 

 

 

Kwahu

South

District

 

Maize

 

Accra

 

  Mame krobo

 

Cassava

 

Tema
Sorghum Tamale

 

Yam

 

Koforidua

 

  kade

 

Fish Nkawkaw
Palm Oil   Vegetables

 

 

 

 

OPPORTUNITIES FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

(a) Vast arable land

The district has large acreages of fertile land covering both the semi forest and the savannah vegetations that can support any form of agriculture and agribusiness.

(b) Perennial Source of Water

The Afram River covers the entire northern portion of the district. It can support any form of irrigation for year round crop and livestock production.

(c) Proximity of the District to major Cities/Industries

The Kwahu South District is not far from Accra, Kumasi and Tema. Farm produce can easily be transported to these cities for consumption, processing or export.

(d) Availability of Skilled Technical Personnel

MOFA has well trained staff that transfer technology to farmers. They are there to assist any investor when the need arises.

(e) Availability of Rural Banks and other financial institutions for Credit disbursement

The district has enough Rural Banks that can disburse any form of credit that may be made available for agriculture and agribusiness.

(f) Availability of formidable farmer groups 

There are formidable farmer groups in the district. Most of these groups were developed under the MiDA CDFO programme, facilitating the transfer of technology and disbursement of credit to farmers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *