Jaman South

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION AND SIZE
The Jaman South District is located at South Western border of Brong Ahafo and shares border with La Cote D’Ivoire. The District also shares common boundaries to the East with Berekum Municipality, North/West with Jaman North and South-West with Dormaa Municipality. It occupies a total land area of about 700 square kilometres and has Drobo as her administrative capital.

POPULATION
The population of the District is 75,163 (2000 census) with a growth rate of 2.6% (against 2.5% national average)

GEOLOGY – RELIEF AND DRAINAGE
The District is largely characterized by soils developed from Birimian, Dahomeyan and Beum series.

SOIL
The geological features of the District give rise to mainly the ochrosols and some savana ochrosols soil type.

VEGETATION
The District has a transitional vegetative cover with the vegetation type fast changing from the Semi deciduous forest into savana woodland.

RAINFALL
There are two distinct rainy seasons referred to as major and minor cropping seasons (April – July) and (September – November).

Table 1: RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION FROM 2006 TO 2010

Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
mm Wet Days mm Wet Days mm) Wet Days mm Wet

Days

mm Wet

Days

Jan. 28.1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Feb. 19.8 1 0 0 6.4 1 35.4 6 38.3 4
Mar. 14.9 3 40.5 5 45.0 6 43.1 6 5.3 2
Apr. 22.7 4 16.5 5 16.8 5 42.4 7 55.3 6
May 185.4 8 151.7 7 72.8 6 56.6 8 70.9 7
Jun. 260.1 10 81.3 7 66.9 7 70.6 11 81.4 6
Jul. 121.7 6 88.2 4 77.2 10 57.1 7 75.3 4
Aug. 2.4 2 121.5 10 73.2 7 37.7 4 45.2 3
Sept. 132.5 6 151.0 7 13.3 4 17.0 5 64.5 9
Oct. 276.1 13 64.9 8 63.1 9 69.3 6 127.0 13
Nov. 25.4 1 8.6 4 0 0 16.5 2 0 0
Dec 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.0 1 3.0 1
Total 1,089.1 56 724.2 57 434.7 55 449.7 63 566.2 55

MAJOR CROPS PRODUCED

Estimated Area, Yield and Production Levels
Table 2: Estimated Area, Yield and Production Levels 2009-2010

CROP AREA YIELD PRODUCTION
2009

HA

2010

HA

2009

T/HA

2010

T/HA

2009

TONS

2010

TONS

MAIZE 7,210 6,018 1.90 2.20 13,699 13,240
YAM 11,410 11,866 15.92 14.30 55,522 57,858
CASSAVA 4,860 4,700 13.81 14.60 67,111 68,620
COCOYAM 2,370 2,500 6.88 7.01 16,295 17,535
PLANTAIN 980 1,009 7.69 8.00 7,539 8,076
PEPPER 100 1.50 150
OKRO 40 0.8 32
GARDEN EEG 50 2.4 120
TOMATO 30 4.50 135

SRID/DADU – 2010

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION

Types of Livestock

Livestock reared include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry (exotic/indigenous breeds).

The production of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and indigenous poultry can be found in almost all the communities within the District. However, the production of exotic poultry is concentrated in Drobo, Japekrom and some few communities near the District capital.

Breeds of cattle reared in the District comprise the West African Shot Horn (WASH), N’dama, and a few Zebus. The small ruminants (sheep and goats) breeds are mostly the West African Dwarf types.
In pig production, the dominant breeds are the large white, the Ashanti black and their crosses.

Table 3: Livestock Population

Animal Number
Cattle
Bull 99
Cow 167
Heifer 178
Calve 197
Total 641
Others Livestock
Sheep 6112
Goats 4,589
Pigs (Exotic) 1,968
Pig (Local) 377
Poultry
Layers 49,555
Broilers 880
Cockerel 1,359
Turkey 432
Guinea Fowl 451
Local Birds 20,038

Common Diseases Affecting Livestock & Poultry Production

Common Diseases affecting livestock production in the District include contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP), Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) and foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in cattle; Peste des Petits Ruminantsn (PPR), Pneumonia Mange and Helminthiasis

Pig production is usually confronted with diseases such as ecotoparasitism, helminthiasis and scours in piglets.

Common diseases in amongst poultry are coccidiosis, New Castle, Fowl pox, and Gumboro.

Solution to Livestock Diseases

The district undertakes the following measures to control and manage disease and pest outbreaks:
•    Routine vaccination and treatment of livestock and poultry
•    Supervisory visits/surveillance to kraals, slaughter houses/slabs, poultry houses, pig sties and small ruminant pens

Table 4: Cashew Production-Demonstrations

Crop

Topic

Number Participant
Target Achievement Male Female Total
Cashew Top-working 9 8 240 110 350
Cashew Stumping 9 8 240 110 350
Cashew Grafting 9 8 240 110 350
Cashew Prunning/Thinning 9 8 368 98 466
Maize Fertilizer trial (actyva) 1 1 50 7 57
Maize Fertilizer trial

(NPK and Sulphate of ammonia)

1 1 50 7 57

The table above showed the number of demonstrations carried out during the year.

Table 5: Field Days

Type of farming operation Test crop Number of field days Male Female Total
Row planting/spacing Maize 3 135 66 201
Fertilizer trial Maize 2 100 14 114
Stumping Cashew 3 53 19 72
Top-work Cashew 2 97 48 145
Prunning/thinning Cashew 4 126 55 181
Grafting Cashew 6 174 34 208
Varietals trail Cowpea 2 41 17 58

The table above showed the type of field days carried out and number of participants.

Table 6: INFORMATION ON FERTILIZER SUBSIDY – 2010
FERTILIZER QUANTITY SUPPLIED (50kg) QUANTITY SOLD (50kg) REMARKS
NPK 15:15:15 159 159
SULPHATE OF AMMONIA 150 150
UREA 2 2
The above quantities of fertilizers were subsidized for sale to farmers

CASHEW DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (CDP)

Promotion of Tree Crops
To further promote the production of cash crops in the district, a three day training of staff and farmers was held on top-working and proper handling of Agro chemicals by Project Management Unit (PMU) team from Accra.

Table 7a: Cashew Technology Training

Crop

Topic

No. of Participants
Male Female Total
Cashew Stumping 14 1 15
Cashew Top-working 14 1 15
Cashew Grafting 14 1 15
Cashew Thinning/Prunning 14 1 15
Cashew Proper handling and use of agro chemicals 14 1 15

The table above showed the topic treated and number of participants in 2010.

Table 7b: Area of cashew farms established

1 Total of new cashew Farms Established Ha
2 Number of Farmers Total 105
Male 74
Female 31

One hundred and five (105) hectares of new farms were established in 2010.

Table 7c: Area under Canopy Substitution

No No of unproductive Trees Identified No. Stumped No. Grafted No. Grafts taken % Take
1 370 350 350 277 79

All the stumped trees (350) were grafted. 277 were taken by farmers representing 79%.

Table 7d: Farmer Forum Held

Year No of Farmer Forums Conducted PARTICIPANTS
MALE FEMALE TOTAL
2009 4 86 45 131

4 Farmers’forum were held with a total of one hundred and thirty one (131) participants within the period.

Table7e: Field Days

Year No of Field Days Organised Participants Issues Addressed
Male Female
2009 2 64 36 Canopy substitution and Grafting

Two field days were organized with one hundred (100) participants

Table 7f: Radio Programmes

Year No. of Radio Programmes Conducted Issues Discussed
2009 24 Canopy substitution, Thinning/Prunning, Pest and disease control, weeds control etc.

Twenty four radio programmes were conducted within 2010.

COCOA DISEASE AND PEST CONTROL (CODAPEC)

Supply of Inputs to the District
The following inputs were supplied to the District for CODAPEC activities. Insecticide was supplied to be distributed to cocoa farmers in the District.

Table 8a: Cocoa Inputs Supplied to the District

S/No. DESCRIPTION QUANTITY
1 Fungicide (Funguran) 588 Cartons
2 Solo  Knapsack Sprayer 100 Pieces
3 Fungicide (Ridomil) 345 Cartons
4 Wellington boots 318 Pairs
5 Hand Gloves 318 Pairs
6 Nose Mask 318 Pieces
7 Goggles 159 Pieces
8 Hats 159 PieceSs
9 Insecticide(Confidor) 200 Cartons

Table 8b: Distribution of Inputs to the Gang Areas

NO. DESCRIBTION QUANTITY QUANTITY LEFT
1 Fanguran (Fungicide) 588 Cartons Nil
2 Solo Knapsack sprayers 100 Pieces Nil
3 Fungicide (Ridomil) 345 Cartons Nil
4 Wellington boots 318 Pairs Nil
5 Hand Gloves 318 Pairs Nil
6 Nose Mask 308 Pieces Nil
7 Goggles 159 Pieces Nil
8 Hats 159 PieceSs Nil
9 Insecticide(Confidor) 100 Cartons Nil

AVERAGE FOR THE THREE PHASES

After the CODAPEC activities the following data were obtained.
Target                                                     8,000ha
Area Sprayed                                      8,310ha
Number of Farms Sprayed            2,859
Number of farmer                             2,667
Percentage of farm sprayed             108.12%

ROOT AND TUBER IMPROVEMENT AND MARKETING PROGAMME (RTIMP)

Secondary Fields.
a)    CASSAVA
Five secondary fields with 2.1 hectares were established for the year.
Table 9: Secondary fields.

No Name of Beneficiary community Sex Crop Area Variety
1 Yaw Sakyi Kofiko M Cassava 0.39 ha Afisiafi
2 Ernst Antwi Kofiko M Cassava 0.52 ha Bankyihemaa
3 Bae Daniel Kofiko M Cassava 0.40 ha Bankyihemaa
4 Kwame Adinkra Kofiko M Cassava 0.30 ha Bankyihemaa
5 Thomas Badu Jenjemireja M Cassava 0.40 ha Nkabom
TOTAL 2.1 ha

a)    YAM
Multiplication of yam mini sets would be carried out this year due to late release of funds. Ten farmers will carry out secondary multiplication of white yams through the yam mini set technology on 0.1 ha each.

TERTIARY MULTIPLICATIONS

Cassava planting materials were coppiced from previous secondary field and supplied to tertiary farmers district wide.

Table 10: Coppiced and Distributed Planting Material to Farmers.

No No Beneficiary Male Female No. of bundles Area
1 561 288 273 3,785 37.85 ha

COCOA HI-TECH

Two thousand (2,000) cocoa fertilizers (cocofeed) were supplied to the district to be sold to cocoa farmers.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.