GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION AND SIZE
The Jaman South District is located at South Western border of Brong Ahafo and shares border with La Cote D’Ivoire. The District also shares common boundaries to the East with Berekum Municipality, North/West with Jaman North and South-West with Dormaa Municipality. It occupies a total land area of about 700 square kilometres and has Drobo as her administrative capital.
The population of the District is 75,163 (2000 census) with a growth rate of 2.6% (against 2.5% national average)
GEOLOGY – RELIEF AND DRAINAGE
The District is largely characterized by soils developed from Birimian, Dahomeyan and Beum series.
The geological features of the District give rise to mainly the ochrosols and some savana ochrosols soil type.
The District has a transitional vegetative cover with the vegetation type fast changing from the Semi deciduous forest into savana woodland.
There are two distinct rainy seasons referred to as major and minor cropping seasons (April – July) and (September – November).
Table 1: RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION FROM 2006 TO 2010
|mm||Wet Days||mm||Wet Days||mm)||Wet Days||mm||Wet
MAJOR CROPS PRODUCED
Estimated Area, Yield and Production Levels
Table 2: Estimated Area, Yield and Production Levels 2009-2010
SRID/DADU – 2010
Types of Livestock
Livestock reared include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and poultry (exotic/indigenous breeds).
The production of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and indigenous poultry can be found in almost all the communities within the District. However, the production of exotic poultry is concentrated in Drobo, Japekrom and some few communities near the District capital.
Breeds of cattle reared in the District comprise the West African Shot Horn (WASH), N’dama, and a few Zebus. The small ruminants (sheep and goats) breeds are mostly the West African Dwarf types.
In pig production, the dominant breeds are the large white, the Ashanti black and their crosses.
Table 3: Livestock Population
Common Diseases Affecting Livestock & Poultry Production
Common Diseases affecting livestock production in the District include contagious Bovine Pleuro Pneumonia (CBPP), Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) and foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in cattle; Peste des Petits Ruminantsn (PPR), Pneumonia Mange and Helminthiasis
Pig production is usually confronted with diseases such as ecotoparasitism, helminthiasis and scours in piglets.
Common diseases in amongst poultry are coccidiosis, New Castle, Fowl pox, and Gumboro.
Solution to Livestock Diseases
The district undertakes the following measures to control and manage disease and pest outbreaks:
• Routine vaccination and treatment of livestock and poultry
• Supervisory visits/surveillance to kraals, slaughter houses/slabs, poultry houses, pig sties and small ruminant pens
Table 4: Cashew Production-Demonstrations
|Maize||Fertilizer trial (actyva)||1||1||50||7||57|
(NPK and Sulphate of ammonia)
The table above showed the number of demonstrations carried out during the year.
Table 5: Field Days
|Type of farming operation||Test crop||Number of field days||Male||Female||Total|
The table above showed the type of field days carried out and number of participants.
|Table 6: INFORMATION ON FERTILIZER SUBSIDY – 2010|
|FERTILIZER||QUANTITY SUPPLIED (50kg)||QUANTITY SOLD (50kg)||REMARKS|
|SULPHATE OF AMMONIA||150||150|
|The above quantities of fertilizers were subsidized for sale to farmers|
CASHEW DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (CDP)
Promotion of Tree Crops
To further promote the production of cash crops in the district, a three day training of staff and farmers was held on top-working and proper handling of Agro chemicals by Project Management Unit (PMU) team from Accra.
Table 7a: Cashew Technology Training
|No. of Participants|
|Cashew||Proper handling and use of agro chemicals||14||1||15|
The table above showed the topic treated and number of participants in 2010.
Table 7b: Area of cashew farms established
|1||Total of new cashew Farms Established||Ha|
|2||Number of Farmers||Total||105|
One hundred and five (105) hectares of new farms were established in 2010.
Table 7c: Area under Canopy Substitution
|No||No of unproductive Trees Identified||No. Stumped||No. Grafted||No. Grafts taken||% Take|
All the stumped trees (350) were grafted. 277 were taken by farmers representing 79%.
Table 7d: Farmer Forum Held
|Year||No of Farmer Forums Conducted||PARTICIPANTS|
4 Farmers’forum were held with a total of one hundred and thirty one (131) participants within the period.
Table7e: Field Days
|Year||No of Field Days Organised||Participants||Issues Addressed|
|2009||2||64||36||Canopy substitution and Grafting|
Two field days were organized with one hundred (100) participants
Table 7f: Radio Programmes
|Year||No. of Radio Programmes Conducted||Issues Discussed|
|2009||24||Canopy substitution, Thinning/Prunning, Pest and disease control, weeds control etc.|
Twenty four radio programmes were conducted within 2010.
COCOA DISEASE AND PEST CONTROL (CODAPEC)
Supply of Inputs to the District
The following inputs were supplied to the District for CODAPEC activities. Insecticide was supplied to be distributed to cocoa farmers in the District.
Table 8a: Cocoa Inputs Supplied to the District
|1||Fungicide (Funguran)||588 Cartons|
|2||Solo Knapsack Sprayer||100 Pieces|
|3||Fungicide (Ridomil)||345 Cartons|
|4||Wellington boots||318 Pairs|
|5||Hand Gloves||318 Pairs|
|6||Nose Mask||318 Pieces|
Table 8b: Distribution of Inputs to the Gang Areas
|1||Fanguran (Fungicide)||588 Cartons||Nil|
|2||Solo Knapsack sprayers||100 Pieces||Nil|
|3||Fungicide (Ridomil)||345 Cartons||Nil|
|4||Wellington boots||318 Pairs||Nil|
|5||Hand Gloves||318 Pairs||Nil|
|6||Nose Mask||308 Pieces||Nil|
AVERAGE FOR THE THREE PHASES
After the CODAPEC activities the following data were obtained.
Area Sprayed 8,310ha
Number of Farms Sprayed 2,859
Number of farmer 2,667
Percentage of farm sprayed 108.12%
ROOT AND TUBER IMPROVEMENT AND MARKETING PROGAMME (RTIMP)
Five secondary fields with 2.1 hectares were established for the year.
Table 9: Secondary fields.
|No||Name of Beneficiary||community||Sex||Crop||Area||Variety|
|1||Yaw Sakyi||Kofiko||M||Cassava||0.39 ha||Afisiafi|
|2||Ernst Antwi||Kofiko||M||Cassava||0.52 ha||Bankyihemaa|
|3||Bae Daniel||Kofiko||M||Cassava||0.40 ha||Bankyihemaa|
|4||Kwame Adinkra||Kofiko||M||Cassava||0.30 ha||Bankyihemaa|
|5||Thomas Badu||Jenjemireja||M||Cassava||0.40 ha||Nkabom|
Multiplication of yam mini sets would be carried out this year due to late release of funds. Ten farmers will carry out secondary multiplication of white yams through the yam mini set technology on 0.1 ha each.
Cassava planting materials were coppiced from previous secondary field and supplied to tertiary farmers district wide.
Table 10: Coppiced and Distributed Planting Material to Farmers.
|No||No Beneficiary||Male||Female||No. of bundles||Area|
Two thousand (2,000) cocoa fertilizers (cocofeed) were supplied to the district to be sold to cocoa farmers.