LOCATION & SIZE
• Located in the North-Eastern portion of Sunyani, the Regional Capital of Brong-Ahafo Ghana
• District Capital: – Yeji, about 310km from regional capital, Sunyani via Nkoranza/Techiman.
• Lies between latitudes 7o 50’ N and 8o 22’ N and longitudes 0o 30 W and 1o 26’W.
• Land Area: 2,195km2
• Adjoining Districts:
East Gonja District to the North (N/R)
Sene District to the East
Nkoranza and Atebubu-Amanten to the South
Kintampo North and Kintampo South to the West.
TOPOGRAPHY & DRAINAGE
• Generally plain with rolling and undulating land surface
• General land elevation is between 60m -300m above sea level
• Highest point is a little over 300m above sea level
• Falls within the Voltain basin
• Major water bodies: Volta lake, Pru River, Nyomo, Tanfi and Nwansi
• Rivers flows through West of the District
• Area is well drained
• Drainage is generally dendritic.
Good soils developed under Savanna vegetation.
• Belong to the “ground water lateritic soil”
• Formed over the voltain shale and granite.
• Classified under the Damongo-Murugu/Ejura-Seni compound. Kowani-Kasele/Kpelesawgu-Limo compound, and Kpalsawgu-Changnaili-Lima compound associations.
• Compound associations are fine textured, ranging from fine sandy loams and mostly poorly drained.
• Soils are agriculturally important and support cultivation of yam, cassava, maize, rice, groundnuts, garden eggs, okro, tomatoes, and pepper.
• District experience the tropical continental or interior savanna type of climate which is a modified form of the tropical continental or Wet Semi-Equatorial type.
• One major rainfall regime.
• Major rains: July – October
• Minor rains: April – June
• Annual rainfall: 1400mm – 1800mm
• Mean monthly temperature ranges from 30 0C to 24 0C
• Mean annual temperature ranges between 26.50C and 27.20C
• Hottest months: Between March and April (30 0C – 40 0C)
• Falls under the influence of North-East trade winds (Hamattan)
• Climatic conditions are unstable in the District
• Prolonged dry season between November and March/ April
• Sunny conditions occur for most parts of the year
• Relative humidity – Highest: 75-80% in wet seasons; lowest: 70-72% in dry season.
• Vegetation types consist of grassland, wooded savanna or tree savanna and ‘fringe forest’
• Interior wooded savanna (but not typical due to its transitional nature) or tree savanna.
• Trees such as the Baobab, Dawadawa, Acacia and the Shea butter are found in the zone
• Trees are few and scattered along the margins of the Moist Deciduous Forest where trees often grow quite close together.
• Grasses grow tussocks and can reach a height of 10ft or more
• About 65% of the economically active population are engaged in agriculture
• Average farm size is a hectare per farmer
Specialization & comparative advantage
Specialization in the agricultural sector can be observed in three main sectors.
i. Animal Husbandry/poultry production
ii. Food/vegetable production
• Population 98,077 (2008 estimated by Ghana Statistical Service)
i. Males 49,886
ii. Females 48,191 (Source – PDA)
• Growth rate 3.6%
• Density 42.8 persons/km
• Labour force 52.8% ( readily available)
• Age dependency ratio 1:0.84
• Economic dependency ratio 1:1.26
• Rural –Urban Split 66.9:33.1
• AGE DISTRIBUTION
|AGE||% NO. OF PEOPLE|
Animal husbandry/poultry production
- Livestock production practice is subsistence farming
- Main animals reared: Cattle, Sheep and Goats
Animals census (2009)
|No. of cattle||No. of sheep||No. of goats|
- Major food crops cultivated are yam, cassava, maize, groundnut and rice.
- Major industrial crops produced are mango, cashew and teak
- Major vegetables cultivated are tomatoes, pepper and okro
- Main farming practice is shifting cultivation on mono and mixed cropping bases.
- Farmers depend mainly on rainfall.
- Bulk of agricultural produce is sold unprocessed.
|Production level of major crops in the district (mt)-2010|
|Area Cropped (Ha)||2,760||110||12,910||13,350||1,500|
- Livestock Development Project (LDP)
- Northern Rural Growth Programme
- Block Farming ( MOFA)
PROCESSED FISH PRODUCTION
The total processed fish (smoked & salted dried), captured as fresh fish weight equivalent that passed through the Yeji Market by the 3rd quarter of 2010 is shown in the table below.
|Accumulated total landings in kilogrammes ( fresh fish equivalent of processed fish) at the Yeji weekly market– 2010|
MARKET PRICES OF PROCESSED FISH
Monitoring of prices of processed fish (smoked & salted dry) is carried out in the Yeji Market on every Monday which constitute the main market day in the week (the market days start on Sunday and end on Tuesdays). The average price per kilogramme for the various species that were sampled during the third quarter of 2010 is shown in the table below.
Prices of Fish in Yeji market (GH¢/kg) – 3rd Quarter, 2010
Monitoring of Illegal Fishing
Fisheries Regulations L I 1968 has now been passed. Enforcement of Fisheries Laws will resume as soon as education of the fishers on the regulations is carried out.
Sanitation at the main Yeji Shore (Salt Town) is carried out by ZOOMLION Co. Ltd. Cleaning at other landing sites in the district is carried out by the fishers themselves and they appear quite clean.
The only existing cage farm, Gideon Farms, is being threatened by flooding of the lake.
Ownership and Employment Status of Cage Farm in Pru District
|Holding Facility||Total No.||Volume (m3 )||Fish Species||Stocking Rate/