Pru

LOCATION & SIZE
•    Located in the North-Eastern portion of Sunyani, the Regional Capital of Brong-Ahafo Ghana
•    District Capital: – Yeji, about 310km from regional capital, Sunyani via Nkoranza/Techiman.
•    Lies between latitudes 7o 50’ N and 8o 22’ N and longitudes 0o 30 W and 1o 26’W.
•    Land Area:  2,195km2
•    Adjoining Districts:
East Gonja District to the North (N/R)
Sene District to the East
Nkoranza and Atebubu-Amanten to the South
Kintampo North and Kintampo South to the West.

TOPOGRAPHY & DRAINAGE
•    Generally plain with rolling and undulating land surface
•    General land elevation is between 60m -300m above sea level
•    Highest point is a little over 300m above sea level
•    Falls within the Voltain basin
•    Major water bodies: Volta lake, Pru River, Nyomo, Tanfi and Nwansi
•    Rivers flows through West of the District
•    Area is well drained
•    Drainage is generally dendritic.

SOIL
Good soils developed under Savanna vegetation.
•    Belong to the “ground water lateritic soil”
•    Formed over the voltain shale and granite.
•    Classified under the Damongo-Murugu/Ejura-Seni compound. Kowani-Kasele/Kpelesawgu-Limo compound, and Kpalsawgu-Changnaili-Lima compound associations.
•    Compound associations are fine textured, ranging from fine sandy loams and mostly poorly drained.
•    Soils are agriculturally important and support cultivation of yam, cassava, maize, rice, groundnuts, garden eggs, okro, tomatoes, and pepper.

CLIMATE
•    District experience the tropical continental or interior savanna type of climate which is a modified form of the tropical continental or Wet Semi-Equatorial type.
•    One major rainfall regime.
•    Major rains:     July   –   October
•    Minor rains:     April         –   June
•    Annual rainfall:     1400mm  – 1800mm
•    Mean monthly temperature ranges from 30 0C to 24 0C
•    Mean annual temperature ranges between 26.50C and 27.20C
•    Hottest months: Between March and April (30 0C – 40 0C)
•    Falls under the influence of North-East trade winds (Hamattan)
•    Climatic conditions are unstable in the District
•    Prolonged dry season between November and March/ April
•    Sunny conditions occur for most parts of the year
•    Relative humidity – Highest: 75-80% in wet seasons; lowest: 70-72% in dry season.

VEGETATION
•    Vegetation  types consist of grassland, wooded savanna or tree savanna and ‘fringe forest’
•    Interior wooded savanna (but not typical due to its transitional nature) or tree savanna.
•    Trees such as the Baobab,  Dawadawa, Acacia and the Shea butter are found in the zone
•    Trees are few and scattered along the margins of the Moist Deciduous Forest where trees often grow quite close together.
•    Grasses grow tussocks and can reach a height of 10ft or more

OTHERS
•    About 65% of the economically active population are engaged in agriculture
•    Average farm size is a hectare per farmer
Specialization & comparative advantage
Specialization in the agricultural sector can be observed in three main sectors.
i.    Animal Husbandry/poultry production
ii.    Food/vegetable production
iii.    Fisheries

DEMOGRAPHY
•    Population            98,077  (2008 estimated by Ghana Statistical Service)
i.    Males       49,886
ii.    Females   48,191   (Source – PDA)
•    Growth rate        3.6%
•    Density       42.8 persons/km
•    Labour force        52.8% ( readily available)
•    Age dependency ratio   1:0.84
•    Economic dependency ratio      1:1.26
•    Rural –Urban Split        66.9:33.1
•    AGE DISTRIBUTION

AGE % NO. OF PEOPLE
0-14 40.9
15-64 52.8
65+ 6.3

LOCATION & SIZE

•    Located in the North-Eastern portion of Sunyani, the Regional Capital of Brong-Ahafo Ghana
•    District Capital: – Yeji, about 310km from regional capital, Sunyani via Nkoranza/Techiman.
•     Lies between latitudes 7o 50’ N and 8o 22’ N and longitudes 0o 30 W and 1o 26’W.
•    Land Area:  2,195km2
•    Adjoining Districts:
East Gonja District to the North (N/R)
Sene District to the East
Nkoranza and Atebubu-Amanten to the South
Kintampo North and Kintampo South to the West.

TOPOGRAPHY & DRAINAGE
•    Generally plain with rolling and undulating land surface
•    General land elevation is between 60m -300m above sea level
•    Highest point is a little over 300m above sea level
•    Falls within the Voltain basin
•    Major water bodies: Volta lake, Pru River, Nyomo, Tanfi and Nwansi
•    Rivers flows through West of the District
•    Area is well drained
•    Drainage is generally dendritic.

SOIL
Good soils developed under Savanna vegetation.

    Belong to the “ground water lateritic soil”
    Formed over the voltain shale and granite.
    Classified under the Damongo-Murugu/Ejura-Seni compound. Kowani-Kasele/Kpelesawgu-Limo compound, and Kpalsawgu-Changnaili-Lima compound associations.
    Compound associations are fine textured, ranging from fine sandy loams and mostly poorly drained.
    Soils are agriculturally important and support cultivation of yam, cassava, maize, rice, groundnuts, garden eggs, okro, tomatoes, and pepper.

CLIMATE
•    District experience the tropical continental or interior savanna type of climate which is a modified form of the tropical continental or Wet Semi-Equatorial type.
•    One major rainfall regime.
•    Major rains:     July   –   October
•    Minor rains:     April         –   June
•    Annual rainfall:     1400mm  – 1800mm
•    Mean monthly temperature ranges from 30 0C to 24 0C
•    Mean annual temperature ranges between 26.50C and 27.20C
•    Hottest months: Between March and April (30 0C – 40 0C)
•    Falls under the influence of North-East trade winds (Hamattan)
•    Climatic conditions are unstable in the District
•    Prolonged dry season between November and March/ April
•    Sunny conditions occur for most parts of the year
•    Relative humidity – Highest: 75-80% in wet seasons; lowest: 70-72% in dry season.

VEGETATION
•    Vegetation  types consist of grassland, wooded savanna or tree savanna and ‘fringe forest’
•    Interior wooded savanna (but not typical due to its transitional nature) or tree savanna.
•    Trees such as the Baobab,  Dawadawa, Acacia and the Shea butter are found in the zone
•    Trees are few and scattered along the margins of the Moist Deciduous Forest where trees often grow quite close together.
•    Grasses grow tussocks and can reach a height of 10ft or more

OTHERS
•    About 65% of the economically active population are engaged in agriculture
•    Average farm size is a hectare per farmer

Specialization & comparative advantage
Specialization in the agricultural sector can be observed in three main sectors.
i.    Animal Husbandry/poultry production
ii.    Food/vegetable production
iii.    Fisheries
DEMOGRAPHY
•    Population            98,077  (2008 estimated by Ghana Statistical Service)
i.    Males       49,886
ii.    Females   48,191   (Source – PDA)
•    Growth rate        3.6%
•    Density       42.8 persons/km
•    Labour force        52.8% ( readily available)
•    Age dependency ratio   1:0.84
•    Economic dependency ratio      1:1.26
•    Rural –Urban Split        66.9:33.1
•    Average household size      5.6 persons
•    Average annual income   GHC288.00
i.    Residents with  Basic education    47%
ii.    Secondary education       10.6%
iii.    Tertiary education      0.4%
iv.    Illiteracy rate        41.6%
v.    Literacy rate        58.4%
•    AGE DISTRIBUTION

LIVESTOCK

Animal husbandry/poultry production

  • Livestock production practice is subsistence farming
  • Main animals reared: Cattle, Sheep and Goats

Animals census (2009)

No. of cattle No. of sheep No. of goats
9,893 7,663 4,320

CROPS

Food/vegetable production

  • Major food crops cultivated are yam, cassava, maize, groundnut and rice.
  • Major industrial crops produced are mango, cashew and teak
  • Major vegetables cultivated are tomatoes, pepper and okro
  • Main farming practice is shifting cultivation on mono and mixed cropping bases.
  • Farmers depend mainly on rainfall.
  • Bulk of agricultural produce is sold unprocessed.
Production level of major crops in the district (mt)-2010
CROP MAIZE RICE CASSAVA YAM G/NUTS
Area Cropped (Ha) 2,760 110 12,910 13,350 1,500
Yield (Mt/Ha) 1.90 1.70 13.29 18.00 1.40
Production (Mt) 5,244 187 171,574 240,300 2,100

PROGRAMMES

  • Livestock Development Project (LDP)
  • Northern Rural Growth Programme
  • RTIMP
  • Block Farming ( MOFA)

ACHIEVEMENTS

PROCESSED FISH PRODUCTION
The total processed fish (smoked & salted dried), captured as fresh fish weight equivalent that passed through the Yeji Market by the 3rd quarter of 2010 is shown in the table below.

Accumulated total landings in kilogrammes ( fresh fish equivalent of processed fish) at the Yeji  weekly market– 2010
Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sep.
Alestes 1,145 39,978 1,639 647 496 1,312 216 255 258
Bagrus/Aucheng 802 34,891 1,582 1,245 960 788 1,120 1,125 566
Chrysichthys 36,637 679,529 49,879 22,626 52,190 52,678 38,499 52,695 58,683
Citharinus 43 0 0 10,058 0 7 0 14 12
Clarias 492 22,540 868 439 944 893 754 456 273
Cynothrissa 16,651 268,314 11,714 7,141 10,715 7,867 6,799 10,246 9,873
Distichodus 0 1,295 75 815 0 18 35 64 142
Gymnarchus 0 131 0 33 0 0 0 100
Heterotis 15 5,016 98 53 118 0 94 66 154
Hydrocynus 0 4,771 28 0 0 129 58 132 59
Labeo 1,988 72,780 3,132 1,490 2,418 1,128 2,108 2,944 1,709
Lates 82 0 0 66 156 0 0 85
Mormyridae 291 7,031 369 238 961 470 451 303 328
Schilbeidae 799 12,801 633 448 2,043 3,654 4,399 3,432 550
Synodontis 906 124,759 2,515 835 2,717 1,566 990 2,833 3,123
Tilapia 27,372 475,159 50,508 21,493 28,350 34,156 31,607 32,017 26,141
Total 87,223 1,748,995 123,040 67,627 102,068 104,666 87,130 106,582 102,056

MARKET PRICES OF PROCESSED FISH
Monitoring of prices of processed fish (smoked & salted dry) is carried out in the Yeji Market on every Monday which constitute the main market day in the week (the market days start on Sunday and end on Tuesdays). The average price per kilogramme for the various species that were sampled during the third quarter of 2010 is shown in the table below.

Prices of Fish in Yeji market (GH¢/kg) – 3rd Quarter, 2010

Species July August September Average
Smoked Dried Smoked Dried Smoked Dried Smoked Dried
Alestes 4.82 1.45 4.89 2.80 2.68 5.40 2.13
Auch/Bagrus 4.84 1.33 7.25 2.82 5.50 3.00 7.43 2.63
Chrysichthys 3.88 3.17 1.16 3.55 2.75 4.33 2.38
Citharinus 9.09 7.27 4.00
Clarias 3.85 4.04 5.31 5.48
Cynothrissa 1.26 1.09 0.76 1.19 1.50 1.36 1.36
Distichodus 5.39 5.49 4.84 4.97 2.84
Gymnarchus 7.69 10.00 9.81
Heterotis 7.06 7.81 2.00 2.27 4.98
Hydrocynus 6.39 4.67 1.67 7.23
Labeo 4.22 5.17 2.00 6.52 1.61 5.72 2.81
Lates 4.31 1.25 4.12
Mormyridae 2.00 0.92 4.81 5.23 3.10
Schibeidae 2.33 1.40 2.79 1.29 2.99
Synodontis 1.80 1.33 2.62 3.57 3.21
Tilapiines 4.27 3.05 4.27 2.75 5.44 3.16 5.30 3.98

Monitoring of Illegal Fishing
Fisheries Regulations  L I 1968  has now been passed. Enforcement of Fisheries Laws will resume as soon as education of the fishers on the regulations is carried out.

General Sanitation
Sanitation at the main Yeji Shore (Salt Town) is carried out by ZOOMLION Co. Ltd. Cleaning at other landing sites in the district is carried out by the fishers themselves and they appear quite clean.

AQUACULTURE

The only existing cage farm, Gideon Farms, is being threatened by flooding of the lake.

Ownership and Employment Status of Cage Farm in Pru District

GIDEON FARMS MALE FEMALE
OWNERSHIP 1
EMPLOYMENT 6

Stocking

Holding Facility Total  No. Volume (m3 ) Fish Species Stocking Rate/

Cage

Cage 6 216 (6x6x6) Tilapia 30,000

A Team Comprising District Assembly Members and MOFA Director on Visit to a Flooded Block Farming Community

Packaging of Fresh Tilapia at Hutideke for transport to Accra

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