Komenda/Edina/Eguafo/Abirem Municipal

LOCATION
The KOMENDA–EDINA-EGUAFO-ABREM MUNICIPAL is bounded on the South by the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea),
The east by the Cape Coast Municipality, the north by the Twifo-Hemang –Lower
Denkyira District and the west by the Mpohor-Wassa East District.
POPULATION
The population of Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem (KEEA) District Assembly was 52,216 in 1960 and 64,383 in 1970 producing an enter-censual increase of 23.3%.
The growth rate during that period was 2.09%. By 1984 the population of the district was 76,462, which was 6.67% of the regional population. The entire censual increase between 1970 and 1984 was 18.8%. During the 2000 population and housing census, the district population was estimated to be 112,435 (53,755 males and 58,682 females). The ratio of male to female is 91.6 to 100. There was an inter censual increase of 46.5% between 1984 and 2000 and a growth rate of 2.3%.
District Farming

Intensity
Percentage of

Households Head
Total Farm

Households
Total No. of holders Total No. of

Holders by Sex
Total No. of Holders in various Age Groups
KEEA Male Female Male Female ≤19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+
0.79 64.3 35.7 7,184 12,694 7,453 5,241 337 1,424 3,345 3,361 2,234 1,993
PERCENTAGE 79

LAND AREA
The district covers an area of 372.45 square miles (964.64 square kilometers).
ARABLE LAND
Of the total area of 372.45 square miles (919.95 square kilometers) 86% is available as arable land; this is used for the cultivation of different types of crops depending on the locality.
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
The coastal areas of the district experience a lower rainfall compared with the interior locations. Temperatures are generally high and so the variability in climate and vegetation is influenced more by rainfall than temperature.
With double maximum, annual rainfall totals in coastal locations ranges between
750 and 1,000mm while in the more interior areas, it ranges between 1200 and
1500mm
Weather situation (2006-2010)
Rainfall Data 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Rainfall (mm) 1,003.5 1,114.3 869 1,188 1,092
No rain days 93 82 83 68 115.0
Source: Meteorological Services Department, Komenda.
  • Vegetation
The vegetation varies according to the rainfall pattern. In coastal areas the
Vegetation consists of shrubs of about 1.5m high grasses and scattered trees.
In the interior, secondary forests occur but human activities are fast depleting this forest base.
Land Use
• Generally for agricultural purpose
• Small scale mining (Galamsey operation and Salt and sand winning)
• Settlement
AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT POTENTIALS IN THE DISTRICT
• Large tracks of land stretching from Elmina to Komenda Sefwi, which is suitable for livestock production.
• Large tracks of land suitable for Pineapple, Coconut, Citrus, Cassava etc. production on large scale.
• The district has potentials in the production of vegetables.
• The district is a major fishing center in the country and with the necessary inputs can process fish for export.
• Establishment of agro-processing facilities for vegetables, pineapple, citrus, sugar cane and oil palm is feasible.
FARM SIZES AND CROP PRODUCTION
Agricultural activity is dominated by subsistence farming. Farmers in the municipality are mostly peasant farmers who rely mainly on traditional technologies in production. Average holdings ranges from 0.3 to 1 hectare. Mostly few commercial farmers and organizations do large-scale farming on a limited scale.
Cash crop production is done on limited basis which include citrus, cocoa and oil palm in the forest areas of the municipality.
Replanting of the destroyed coconut farms have been started with a tolerant variety.
Food crops cultivated in the district are maize, cassava, plantain, sweetpotato okro garden eggs and pineapple.
Sugar cane is also cultivated in low-lying areas in the district.
CROP POTENTIALS

Crop farming in the municipality is done under rain fed conditions. With improved cultural practices being adopted by farmers, plus the requisite amount of rainfall, the yields can be increased to between 5-150%.
CROP YIELDS IN THE DISTRICT
Yields of crops are determined by many factors. The suitability of the sol and rainfall for the particular crop are the major determining factors in the district. Yields of crops vary according to the timing, quantity and distribution of rainfall, amount of dedication and adoption rate of modern farming techniques by farmers and adequate supply of improved planting materials and seeds.
The general trend of the crops situation in the district is as shown in the table below
Estimated cropped Area (Ha)
FOOD CROPS 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Maize 3,574.2 3,321 2,596 3,985 3,059
Cassava 3,542 2,910 2,500 3,492 3,139
Plantain 708 954 948 1,145 1,300.8
Sweetpotato 23 25 22 21 24
Pineapple 109 121 134 156.4 168.9
Vegetables 13 14.1 14.8 15.4 16.8
CASH CROPS
Citrus 1,045.5 1,066.8 1,120 1,173.4 1,226.7
Oil Palm 828 872.4 916 960 1,004
Source: MRACL Survey carried out in the municipality
Crop Production
Major Crops and their Production Levels (MT)
FOOD CROPS 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Maize 16,005 7,638 3,894 5,579 11,624.2
Cassava 150,711 65,633 60,490 80,350 71,883.1
Plantain 2659 1,621 10,712.4 13,626 15,479.5
Sweetpotato 18.5 19.7 20.9 21.1 23.2
Pineapple 3,967.6 5,695.5 6,848.7 8,329.4 5,421.7
Vegetables 1,546 1,855 1,736 1,954 2,100
CASH CROPS
Citrus 28,661 31,846 35,031 38,216 40,127
Oil Palm 11,149 13,116 15,083 17,050 17,280
Source: MRACL Survey carried out in the municipality
LIVESTOCK
Livestock production has been incorporated into the farming system of the district. The animals reared are cattle, sheep, goat, pigs and some poultry.
POULTRY:
Commercial poultry farmers are few. However, almost every home has some local birds to provide meat protein and eggs for sale.
Animal Production
Major Animals and their Production Levels
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Sheep 9,320 8,540 9,100 9,300 9,600
Goats 10,000 9,600 10,120 12,000 12,542
Pigs 5,600 5,100 4,500 3,500 3,650
Cattle 980 1,100 1,200 1,500 1,540
Poultry

Local
Exotic
16,500

60,000
17,100

65,000
17,400

63,000
18,240

63,500
18,950

64,350
Special Programmes
Block Farm Concept by Government to promote maize production in the municipality is going on. Inputs are given to selected farmers to go into maize production and cost of the inputs recovered from the farmers after harvest.
In 2010 when the programme started in the municipality a total of 127 farmers cultivated 133.04 ha
In 2011 inputs to cover 100 ha were distributed to 170 beneficiary farmers including the Ghana Air Force based in Takoradi who are cultivating former GHASEL land near Komenda.
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMME, BLOCK FARM COMPONENT
Block Farm component was started and successfully completed at Komenda and Antado respectively.
118.8 hectares were planted by 127 farmers, 95 males and 32 females from 13 communities within the municipality.
The municipal directorate took delivery of six hundred and fifty one (651) bags of NPK 16-16-16 and five hundred and sixty nine (569) bags of Ammonia fertilizers respectively for distribution to the beneficiary farmers engaged in the project.
COLLABORATION WITH OTHER PARTNERS
ROOT AND TUBER IMPROVEMENT AND MARKETING PROGRAMME

SWEETPOTATO PRODUCTION
In collaboration with the above programme new sweetpotato varieties have been introduced to farmers and their cultivation is ongoing in some selected areas of the municipality. Demonstrations on their production took the form of Farmer Field Fora, in Komenda and Dompoase on ten plots each measuring 30x10m for 40 tertiary farmers.
Varieties planted included:
Apomuden
CRI-Otoo
Tek
Santum Puna
Faara and High Starch
CASSAVA PLANTING MATERIAL
Farmers’ interest in the improved cassava planting material, ’Afisiafi and ‘Bankyehemaa’ continued to grow. In the course of the year 1,361bundles of coppiced ‘Afisiafi’ and ‘Bankyehemaa’ cassava sticks to cover 14.6 ha were distributed to 75 beneficiary farmers
SOIL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Another trial on potato took place at Komenda and Antado in collaboration with the Soil Research Institute, Kumasi.
Performance of two varieties, Hi-Starch and Tek were investigated with the application of 5 measured grades of NPK fertilizer:
60-30-30,
60-30-60,
60-30-90,
30-15-15
30-15-60.
These were mixed with determined quantities of Muriate of Potash (MoP), Urea and Poultry manure.
Outcome of this investigation was yet to be made known by SRI
WIENCO
This company collaborated with the directorate to set up a ¼ acre demonstration plot of maize variety ‘Panar’ 53 at Komenda to draw farmers’ attention to the potentialities of this variety.
NATIONAL COCKEREL PROJECT
Thirty five (35) beneficiaries, 15 males and 20 females were, during the year supplied with a total of 700 birds by MOFA to improve their local poultry. They were trained on poultry management practices by MAO in charge of livestock and assisted by RAO –Livestock from the regional office.
MOAP
Market oriented agriculture project is operating in the Municipality.
The project is helping to introduce farmers to the value chain approach to pineapple production i.e. sugar loaf and MD2.
RTIMP
Root and tuber improvement and marketing programme support for farmers to multiply high yielding improved cassava and sweet potato planting materials for distribution to other farmers. Up to date 101 farmers were supplied with improved cassava planting materials to plant 23ha. Others included
Trained farmers / stakeholders in business development and marketing
Supported farmers to add value to root and tuber crops
Special Maize Programme
Farmers were supported with inputs – fertilizers, seed and weedicides to produce maize.
2005 60 acres
2006 350 acres
2007 115 acres
The major challenge with this programme is the poor recovery of the cost of inputs.
In 2008, 60 acres of maize and vegetable demonstrations were set up in 12 operational areas in the Municipality, using the value chain approach.
Field day s were organized to highlight certain key technologies
Coconut / cassava adaptive trials
Coconut / plantain adaptive trials
The coconut sector development project continue to support with improved germinated nuts for nursery establishment and then sold to farmers

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