Location and Size
Capital: Akyem Oda
Land Area: Total land surface area is estimated to be 790.496sq km
Birim North and Kwaebibirim districts to the North, West Akim to the East, Agona to the South, and Birim South to the West
Relief and Soil:
The Municipality is almost undulating and hilly, The underlying rock formation is mainly made up of the upper Birimian rocks and Tarkwaian quartzite. These Rocks consist predominantly of volcanic lava, schist, hyalites and greywacke with; minor granite intrusions and normally gives rise to salty clay soil without coarse materials. Available rainfall figures average almost180cm.
Semi-deciduous forest zone characterized by Triplochiton scleroxylon (wawa), Antaris Africana (Kyenkyen) clorophora excelsa (odum) Ceiba Pentandra (Onyina). There is a forest reserve which is called Esuboni Forest reserve.
Municipality Drainage :
The Municipality is drained by the Birim River. Its major tributaries include Funso, Apetesu, Asikasu, Ahonfra, Akwassua, Nsute, Adim, Tropea and Kasawere. Even though the Birim River system, for a greater part of its stretch in the Municipality is permanent, it has not been put to much Agricultural use. It can be harnessed to serve as a source of pipe borne water to serve most of the communities nearby and for agricultural purposes especially in the dry season.
The Municipality lies within the wet semi-equatorial climatic zone which experiences substantial amount of precipitation. This is characterized by a bi-modal rainy season with rainfall between 150cm and 200cm reaching its maximum during the two peak periods of May /June and September / October. Average temperature ranges between 25.20C minimum and 27.90C. Relative humidity is about 56 and 70 percent.
Table1.1 Soil Characteristics
|SOIL CLASSIFICATION||CHARACTERISTICS||SOIL CAPACITY|
|Nsaba –Swedru Offin Compound||
||Tree and Arable crops, especially cocoa
Dry season vegetables, sweet potato sugar cane and rice
||Dry season vegetables, sweet potato, sugarcane and rice|
||Cocoa, Coffee, Citrus, Oil palm, Avocado, Pear, Mangoes, Banana, Pawpaw, vegetables, sugarcane.
Mechanize Irrigation Rice
||Wide range of trees and arable crops.
Nurseries and vegetable growing.
Municipality: The Ghana 2000 Population and Housing Census shows a Municipality population of 179,026.
The Municipality has 8.5% of the total regional population of 2,108,852(2000). Table 2.1 below shows the population figures over the years.
Table 2.1 population static over the year (1960 – 2011)
Source: National population census, 1984. *projected with a growth rate of 2.4%. (The current information is not available).
Age – Sex Distribution
The males account for 48.4% and the females 51.6% of the total population in the Municipality. Table 2.2 Age / Sex Distribution
|Age Group||No. Males||%||No. Females||%||Total No.||%|
|0 – 14||35,9849||20.1||37,05941||20.76||73,043||40.81|
|15 – 64||46,009||25.7||51,559||28.8||97,568||54.5|
Labour Force and Dependency Ratio
The age / sex distribution of the Municipality’s population shows that 54.5% fall within the potential labour force (15 – 64). The age dependency ratio of the Municipality is 1: 1.2 indicating that a working adult feeds one extra mouth. On the other hand, economic dependency ratio is 1:1.9 indicating that each worker feeds two mouths. This means that there is pressure on the workers in the area who are not able to save and invest to improve the local economy.
The Municipality has a potential land size 790.49 sq. Km. This gives it a population density of 119 persons per square kilometer which is higher than the population density for the region which is 109 persons per square kilometers..
Table 2.3 Summarized Demographic Characteristics of the Municipality
|Area in Sq. km||Population||Pop. Density||Urban %||Rural %||Male pop.||%||Female pop.||%|
Several activities take place in the Municipality that goes a long way to contribute to its economic development. Agriculture, food processing, commerce, especially trading, lumbering, and small – scale mining are major economic activities in the Municipality. It provides employment for about 60 % of the active working population. In Akim Oda, however, the baseline survey conducted by Kesse – Tagoe and Associate in 1998 revealed that the majority of the labour force (40%) is engage in commerce. The public service employs 35%, Agriculture 10% and industry 5%. This reflects the urban characteristic of Akim Oda, being the Municipal capital, as well as the commercial and administrative center.