Garu-Tempane

PHYSICAL AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

Location and Size

The district is located in the north- eastern part of the Upper East Region between Latitude 100 10’N and Longitude 00 10’W. It is bordered to the east by the Republic of Togo, to the north by Burkina Faso, to the west by Bawku Municipal and to the south by East Mamprusi district Assembly. Garu-Tempane is the district capital.The district has an area of 1,230 sqkm and a population density of 99 persons per sqkm

Topography and drainage

The District marks the highest point of the Upper East Region. Areas bordering the White Volta is generally low and slightly undulating with gentle slopes and heights between 120 – 150m above sea level. The rest of the district is a series of plateau surfaces of average height of 400m with isolated peaks of 430m above sea level.

Geology and Soil.

The soils within the district are mainly developed from granite rocks which are shallow and low in soil organic matter content. The three main soil types found in the district are red and brown sandy loam and clays, moderately deep pale brown coarse sandy loams with biotic granites and gray sandy loams and clays in rivers valleys.

Climate

The climate is characterized by a uni-modal rainy season from May /June to September/October. The average amount of rainfall during the period is between 800- 860mm per annum. The lowest mean temperature is 180C occurring in December/January and highest mean monthly temperature is 400C occurring in Match/ April.

Vegetation

The vegetation is mainly the Sahel savannah type consisting of scattered drought resistant tree and grasses which often gets burnt during the long dry season. The most common economic trees found within the district are the dawadawa, baobab and the shea tree.

Water Supply

About 46 per cent of the population have access to portable drinking water by Ghana water Company Limited (GWLC). The rest get their water supply through boreholes and hand dug well in the Municipality.

Environmental Situation

The environment is made up economic trees, grasses and water bodies which are scatters all over the area. Some parts of the environment  especially along the white volta basin are generally prone to flooding situation during the raining season.

DEMOGRAPHICS

Age And Sex Distribution Of The Population .

The estimated total population of the district is 125,280 with a population density of 99 persons per square kilometres.  The district has total land area of 1230sqkm

Sex  And Rural – Urban Distribution Of The Population

Majority of the population is in the <19 and 50-59 year group. This affects the productive capacity of the District. The labour force is however compensated by the large number of hard working women in the district.

The population of the district is primarily rural and scattered in dispersed settlement which is about 90 per cent rural and about 10 per cent urban.

Labour Force

Household size in the district is relatively large (7) and this has increased the labour force of the households. Though these large households could mean availability of family labour force, it has some financial implication in terms of feeding, healthcare, education, clothing etc.  However, Agriculture employs about 70 % of the labour force.

AGRICULTURAL

Crop Sector

Farming is the predominant occupation of the people in the district with the total farm population ranging between 80 and 90%.  Farmers in the district engage in cultivation of cereals, legumes vegetables as well as tree crops.

Achievement

Under the block programme, the district supported 805 beneficiary farmers comprising of 269 males and 536 female covering an area of 176 ha of both soya and rice in 2010.

Under NRGP, BESSFA rural bank in the district supported 206 farmers made up of 135males and 71 females covering an area of 82 hectares in maize and soya production.

Achievement in the crop sector  of total area cropped in hectares, yield in MT/Ha and production in (MT) is summarised in the table below from 2008-2010.

Crop Statistics

Crop 2008 2009 2010
Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod. Area Yield Prod.
Maize 3613 1.6 5781 5265 1.31 6898 5660 1.6 9056
Rice 3190 2.6 8358 2433 2.8 6813 3904 2.6 10150
Millet 11433 0.48 5602 7400 0.44 3256 6000 0.49 2940
Sorghum 9714 0.77 7480 11916 0.72 8579 8800 0.76 6688
G/Nuts 10152 1.0 10254 7804 0.44 3434 6980 1.0 8980
Cowpea 2672 0.98 2619 8118 0.56 4546 5900 0.50 2950
S/Potato 1300 11.20 14560 695 11.2 7786 600 9 5400
Soya 3646 1.0 3063 2148 0.64 4374 2100 0.8 1680
Total 45720 57717 45779 42376 37844 42824

FISHERIES

Fishing is not a key economic activity in the district however, significant fishing has been recorded along the White-Volta river, and at dam sites other permanent water bodies..

LIVESTOCK

Livestock and poultry rearing is an economic activity for the people of district and the practice is Mixed farming where majority of farmers cultivating crops also keep some livestock and poultry. Key livestock types include: Livestock, small ruminants Poultry and Piggery

Achievement

The livestock credit in kind has been able to provide farmer groups with … number of animals.

PROJECTS

Start And End Time.

There was /is  a number of NGOs and Bilateral Organizations  as well as MOFA funded projects operating in the district in a specialized areas.  The start and ending period of the Projects are as indicated in table 4 below

MOFA Related Projects

NGO/AGENCY DATES NAME/AREA OF OPERATION
Community Based Rehabilitation On-going Catering for persons with disabilities.
ZOVFA On-going Zouri Organic Vegetable Farmers Association
Preby Agric. 1970 On-going Provision of micro credit to farmer groups
RSSP On-going Development of lowlands to boost Rice production
BESSFA RURAL BANK On-going Provision of financial Services
CARE INTERNATIONAL 2000 – On-going Capacity Building
PAGEV 2006 – On-going Capacity Building

Achievements

These projects have increased the incomes of the rural folks through provision of improved technologies, capacity building and provision of credit facility. This has gone a long way in improving the livelihood of the farmers in the district.

PROGRAMMES

The below shows the number of Programmes been implemented in the district.

PROGRAMME DATES NAME/AREA OF OPERATION
NRGP 2009 – On-going Northern Rural Growth Project
Youth In Agriculture 2009 – On-going Bulk-Farm
LDP 2003 – 2010 Livestock Development Programme
BLOCK FARM On-going Provision of Inputs for Block Farm beneficiaries

District Potential

The District has vast potentials of many shea trees, forest reserves, many lowland valleys which can be developed with irrigation facilities to boost rice production. The presence of a financial institusion BESSFA, and a large number of cooperating FBOs are also very conducive recipes for development.

Contact Address

PAUL S. AYAGIBA

DISTRICT DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE

C/O P.O. BOX 44

GARU-TEMPANE

TEL: +233-245-369622

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