Ahanta West

GEOGRAPHIC AND EMOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND OF THE DISTRICT.

Name of   District:           AHANTA WEST

Capital: AGONA AHANTA

Size of district: (sq km) 673 sq km

Population to gender: M     52,570)   108,168

F       55,598)

Agric. population by gender: M   25,095

Population Growth rate:  3.2%) –    National:     2.6%

Population density                        160.00/sq. km

Geographic Location : RAIN FOREST VEG. ZONE

Coastline (length in km): 52.8 Km

Principal Natural resources: MANGANESE, GOLD, TIMBER, SALT PETROLIUM,

GRANTITE GAS, KAOLIN, SEA, TIMBER

Number of major towns and villages:   123

Ethnic groups (indicate indigenes: majority and minority groups) AHANTA, NZEZMAS, EWES, WASSAS FANTIS, ASHANTIS

KROBOS, GAS, SEFWIS

Major stakeholders in agriculture; GHANA RUBBER ESTATES LTD. (    GREL)

:        NORPALM

:       WORLD VISION GHANA (W.V.G)

RICERCA COOPERAZIONE (R/C).

CONSERVATION FOUNDATION

  • BOVIC INTERGRATED AGRICULTURAL CENTREW
  • MANAGECRAFT
  • GREEN GROW

Gender roles in the district

MALE: FARMING/LANDCLEARING

:          FISHING

:           AGRO PROCESSORS

:           ARTISANS

:           PUBLIC & CIVIL SERVANTS

FEMALE: FARMING/WEEDING/HARVESTING

:           TRADING

:           AGRO-PROCESSING/MARKETING

:           ARTISANS

PUBLIC & CIVIL SERVANTS

Major Towns and Villages in the Ahanta West District.

Location and Size

Ahanta West District is located at the southern most point of the Republic of Ghana and the entire West African Sub-Region with its capital Agona Nkwanta also called Agona Ahanta. The Ahanta West District has a total land area of 591 square kilometers and it is occupied by 95,140 people according to the 2000 Population and Housing Census report. The District is bounded on the East by the Shama Ahanta East Metropolitan Assembly (SAEMA), on the West by the Nzema East District, and the North by Mpohor Wassa East and Wassa West Districts and the Gulf of Guinea to the          South. The District is about 15 minutes drive from the commercial capital of Western Region, Takoradi and about 25 minutes drive from the administrative  capital, Sekondi. In terms of distance, it is approximately 25 kilometers from the central business district of Takoradi. This proximity to the central business district of Takoradi enhances business and trade in particular. The District lies between latitude 4º.45”N and longitude 1º.58”W.

Climate and Temperature

The District is found within the South-Western Equatorial Climatic Zone of Ghana the highest mean temperature is 34ºC which is recorded between March and April, while the lowest mean temperature of 20ºC is experienced in August. Relative humidity is very high averaging between 75% to 85% in the rainy season and 70% to 80% in the dry season. The District is located within the wettest region in Ghana. It experiences a double maxima rainfall of over 1,700 millimeters. This abundant rainfall supports agrarian activities in the District. . However, due to the high number of third class roads in the district, accessibility to most parts of the district is thwarted during the rainy season.

Mineral Resources

Geological study has indicated that Princess Town has industrial granites that have not been exploited. A number of companies are also prospecting for gold in the district.

Oil Wealth

The recent oil discovery is located within the district at Cape Three Points and plans are far advanced in its drilling by the Ghana government.

Demographic Characteristics

According to the 2000 Population and Housing Census, Ahanta West District has             population of 95,140. This is made up of 46,024 males and 49,116 females. Out of the total population, only 3,219 are in gainful employment. The current population growth rate of the district is 3.2%. Based on this growth rate the current projected population is about 115,278. Most of the people are found in the urban areas of Agona-Nkwanta, Apowa, Dixcove and Abura. The average household size is about 4.1 and the population density is about 161 persons per square kilometre. The average household size could have adverse effects on savings and per capital income.

The bulk of the populations are Christians with Traditionalists and Muslims following. About 60% of the total population is employed by the Agriculture sector. The remaining is engaged in small-scale trading, fishing and the formal sectors. Immigration by and large takes place only in the fishing industry. Large proportions of fishermen in the District emigrate from other coastal districts during the major fishing season which is normally between July and September to the coastal areas of Ahanta West District.

Population Distribution By Age/Sex

AGE GROUP (YRS) MALE FEMALE TOTAL % OF POP
0 – 14 19,751 20,771 40,522 42.60
15 – 64 23,663 26,075 49,738 52.28
65+ 1,986 2,892 4,878 5.13

Source: 2000 Population And Housing Census, Ghana Statistical Service.

Distribution of population in the six area councils

Vegetation

The District falls largely within the High Rain Forest Vegetation Zone, capturing several hectors of plantation of the rubber plant. To a large extent, this contributes significantly to reducing the problem of global warming, since a chunk of CO2 emissions by the automobile especially, are absorbed. Due to human activities, all the forest except Cape Three Points Forest Reserve which occupies an area of 51.02 square kilometers has been reduced to secondary forest.

Drainage

The largest river in the District is Butre which enters the sea at Butre. However, there are other rivers such as Whin, Suoni, Nyila and Yani. The District has also  considerable lagoons such as Ehonle, Mabowodindo, Akpluho, Mfuma and Nana Pete at Butre.

Water Bodies:

Muddy and polluted from mining activity

B. Hwin River provides relatively good quality water and provides wildlife habitation for crabs and fish

C. Butre River has relatively good quality water.

Relief

The District is generally flat land with a few isolated hills at Butre and Banso with height ranging between 20 to 40 metres above sea level between Cape Three Point and Princess Akatekyi. There is also a plateau at Egyambra. Some of these hills are the sources of some of the rivers in the District. The coastline has features such as capes and bays especially at Cape Three Points. As a result of the sandy nature of the coast, it has attracted beach resorts along the coastlines.

Soil Types

Generally, the soils in the District are very fertile and their types range from loose sand to clay. The table below depicts the various soil types and the crops suitable for cultivation on them.

Soil types & Crops

SOIL

SUITABILITY
Sandy – Clay – Loam.

Cocoa, coffee, citrus, oil palm, rubber and food crops.
Moderately well drained clayey loam.

Cocoa, coffee, citrus, oil palm, rubber and food crops.
Loamy sand. Maize, vegetables, legumes, and food crops.
Silty clay. Maize, vegetables, legumes, and food crops and sugar cane.
Loose sand. Vegetables and sugar cane.
Clay. Vegetables sugar cane and rice.

LAND USE, VEGETATION, SOILS AND CLIMATE

Land Use (Specific to Agriculture)

Land use Hectares %
Total land Area (T.L.A.) :                                   673 sq km

Agric. Land Area (A.L.A)

Area under cultivation (2004) :                           202km2

Total area under irrigation (2004) :                     2 km2

Area under inland waters:                                   13km2

Others(forest reserves, savannah woodland.etc:    67km2

67,300

38,900

20,200

200

1,300

6,700

100.0

57.80

30.0

0.20

1.93

9.96

Total 67,300 99.89

Tourism Belts

Place of Tourism

Facility Are a (km2) Functions and Attractions Portion(%)
Ahanta Coastal Tourism Belt Princess Town 2 Tourism Complex Soroma Capital, Fort (Groot) Fredericksburg 0.3%
River Kpani 1.5 Tourism Complex Co-development with Princess Town 0.3%
Busua, Dixcove 1.2 Resort, Most Famous Touristic Attraction in Western Africa, Fort Metal Cross 0.2%
Butre 1.2 Farm Tourism Scenic Environment, Fort Batensteyn 0.2%
Cape Three Points 3.0 Recreation Forest Southern Most Part of West Africa 0.5%
New Amanful 2.6 Tourism Complex Neighboring Takoradi , Marina 0.4%
Sub-Total 11.5 Tourism Site 1.9%
Other Cape Three Points Forest Reserve 79 Natural Park (Green Zone) Globally Significant Biodiversity Area 13.4%
Total 90.5 15.3%

Land Use Category Area (km2) Functions Proportion (%)
Green Space Strictly Preserved 204 Ecologically preserved area including CTPFR and eco-corridors 34.5%
Green 308 Green space including farming, public space, and other 52.1%
Sub-Total 512 86.6%
Reserved Rurban Modular System 15 Reserved for the possible additional urban growth in the future 2.5%

SOURCE: AWDA

Type of Agro-Ecological zone

Agro-ecological zone Mean annual Rain (mm) Growing Period (Days)

Major season                 Minor season

Rain Forest

Deciduous Forest

Transitional

Coastal Savana

Guinea Savanna

Sudan Savanna

1,700

N. A.

NA

N.A

APRIL – JUNE

N. A.

NA

N.A

SEPT. – NOV

N. A.

NA

N. A.

NB:  N A means  Not Applicable

  • Climate (annual average temperature distribution) : HIGH TEMP.  –  35°C

LOW TEMP. –  22°C

  • Topography: UNDULATING

Vegetation(type  of vegetation in the district)

Vegetation Zone Area (.000sq.km) %
RAIN FOREST 673 100
TOTAL

District/Local Economy

The small scale farming continues to dominate the economy of Ahanta West District. The Agriculture sector which formerly employed about 58% currently employs about 65% of the population. The average farm size per farmer is 0.35 hectares since most farmers still use simple tools such as hoes and cutlasses. The five major crops grown in the district are maize, oil palm, rice, plantain and cassava.

NORPALM and GREL are the two major companies with large hectares of oil palm and rubber plantations respectively. These two companies employ considerable number of the youth in the district. GREL employs about 2,500 people while NORPALM also gives employment to 1,500 people.

AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT

i) Crop Sub-Sector

  • Principal Agricultural Produce:

Tree crops                   :           COCONUT, CITRUS, COLA, OIL PALM

Industrial Crops         :           RUBBER, OIL PALM

Roots & Tubers    :           CASSAVA, COCOYAM, YAM TARO

Cereals                                    :           MAIZE, RICE

Fruits and Vegetables:            BANANA, PINEAPPLES, PEPER, TOMATOES,

GARDEN EGGS, OKRO, CITRUS, CABBAGES

Others:                                     Sugar Cane

Average Crop production & yield from 2000-2009 (metric tons/ha)

Maize Rice Cassava Plantain Cocoyam Yam Oil Palm
2000 Production

Yield

Area

1840

1.23

1496

79

1.05

75

35445

9.5

3731

860

4.7

183

436

4.0

109

64.0

3.56

18.0

2001 Production

Yield

Area

1524

0.97

1568

87

1.09

80

37572

9.78

3843

912

4.83

189

445

4.05

110

65.0

3.42

19

2002 Production

Yield

Area

1750

0.96

1817

140

1.13

124

42102

10.58

3978

986

3.27

301

454

3.6

126

90

3.33

27

2003 Production

Yield

Area

1760

0.96

1840

150

1.15

130

43240

10.59

3990

990

3.3

300

460

3.54

130

90

3.0

30

2004 Production

Yield

Area

1469

0.98

1499

131

1.15

114

43703

1062

4021

1349

4.0

308

489

4.04

121

88.0

3.37

26

2005 Production

Yield

Area

1600

45727

1485

2006 Production

Yield

Area

2390

48778

2378

11169

2007 Production

Yield

Area

1764

1.20

1303

37068

9.26

4003

1770

6.0

283

18377
2008 Production

Yield

Area

4041

2.05

1971

31131

10.45

2979

2516

6.5

387

2009 Production

Yield

Area

4613

28613

1688

Source: Dadu Agona Ahanta

AGRO-PROCESSING

BAMBOO PROCESSING


SOURCE: AHANTA WEST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY


COCOA PROCESSING

SOURCE: AHANTA WEST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY


CASSAVA PROCESSING


RUBBER PROCESSING

SOURCE: AHANTA WEST DISTRICT ASSEMBLY

Main Agriculture-related Research Institutions in the district

Name of Company/Group location main activity
Ghana rubber estate ltd Apimenim no.2 Rubber processing
Nor palm Pretsea Palm oil processing
Community palm oil processing Ahuntumano Palm oil processing
“                     “                  “ Hotopo “               “            “
“                      “                 “ Ewusiejoe “               “            “
“                      “                 “ Akentenchie “                “            “
“                      “                 “ Kojokrom “                “            “
Community Gari processing Fulkpole Gari processing
“                        “                “ Cape ‘3’ points “                “
“                        “                “ Yaakow “         & corn mill
“                        “                “ Abura “                 “
Community palm oil processing Sankor Palm oil processing
“                      “                “ Himakrom “            “             “
“                      “                 “ Abaase “            “             “
Madam Gladys Aboabola Ntaakrom “     “ & Corn mill
Community palm oil processing Azani

Number of NGOs operating in the district and in agriculture: 4

World Vision Ghana – Ricerca & Cooperazione(R&C)

Level and type of support from District Assembly, NGOs, projects and

Other Service Providers

Organization/Agency Support/Service
World Vision International

SNV(NETHERLANDS)

RICERCA et COOPERAZIONE

CONSERVATION FOUNDATION

  • Agricultural Trainings in modern Techniques
  • Financial support for Farmers
  • Training in Capacity Building
  • Seedling Production
  • Environmental Protection

AGRICULTURAL PROJECTS:

CASSAVA

Fig:   CASSAVA TRIAL AT HIMAKROM

Coconut: – Apimenim No. 2. – Himakrom, Agona, Aboade

Pro-Poor Interventions: – (In number of communities), Yabiw, Funkoe,

Food and Agric. Budget Support: Kajebil, Agona, Kwesikrom,

Kubekor, Mpanyinasa, Ntaakrom

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