To explore all water resources for livelihood options in agriculture at appropriate scales for all communities.
To formulate and execute plans to promote the development of land and water resources in Ghana for crop production, livestock watering, aquaculture, agricultural related industries and institutions within a sustainable environment.
Formulate, develop and implement irrigation and drainage plans for all year round agriculture production in Ghana.
Irrigation started in Ghana in the early nineteen sixties under the Land Planning and Soil Conservation Unit of the Ministry of Agriculture. The Irrigation Development Authority (IDA) was set up in 1977 under the S. M. C. Decree 85. The Authority is wholly owned by the Government of Ghana and is finance by the government. By its act of incorporation, however, the Authority can borrow money from the open market for its development programme. This has Board of Directors and a Chief Executive who report direct to the Ministry of Agriculture (Minister of Food and Agriculture).
The Irrigation Development Authority has been primarily responsible for identifying possible irrigation projects, and in some instances involved in the management and maintenance of irrigation schemes
Currently, there are twenty two (22) Irrigations Project all over the country constructed by the Authority covering a total of 6,505 hectares (ha). In addition to this, there are 22 schemes constructed under the Small Scale Irrigation Development Project ( SSIDP) and 6 schemes under the (Small Farms Irrigation Project) SFIP. Each of these projects is less than 1,000 ha in size with the exception of the Tono and Kpong Irrigation Projects, which have about 2,500 ha and over developed. The main beneficiaries of the Irrigation Projects have been indigenous small-scale farmers. The outputs have however, not been very encouraging and the lack of maintenance of the projects have rendered most of the schemes unproductive.
For the future, the Authority is reviewing the state of all the existing projects in order to recommend measures for improved participation and operation by the beneficiaries. In the past the medium and large Irrigation Projects have been managed by IDA under liberal conditions which may be termed “Civil Service Approach”. This was not encouraging in generating enough revenue to support the operation and maintenance of the projects. The result is that most of these projects have run into a state of disrepair and require huge sums of money for their rehabilitation.
The future policy will be for IDA to help run medium and large irrigation projects along the lines of private enterprise.
As a public Authority, IDA is affected by policy issues and must appropriately respond to Government’s policy direction and concerns in the Agricultural Sector.
An important ingredient of the strategy in agriculture is the ability to harness water to support the growth of food and raw materials. The Irrigation Development Authority is expected to play an increasingly important role in the Government’s Comprehensive National Agricultural Strategy.
The priorities of the Authority will be on the development of small-scale and micro-scale schemes, better management of flood plains, and an optimum use of existing irrigation facilities as a means of increasing productivity.
Other major policy concerns of the Government which are expected to feature in the plan of the Authority are:
The GIDA Corporate Plan seeks to define its mission objectives and strategies to be used in achieving the objectives within the planned period.
It takes into account the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats, which affect the marketing of irrigation and other related business of the Authority.
The Corporate Plan also sets out the Authority’s development programmes and highlights issues and challenges entailed in achieving set targets or implementation of programme.
The 1995-year was the first time a formal corporate planning process was introduced into the management of the Authority. It presented an opportunity for strategic change of corporate direction to raise the moral of the workforce towards achieving higher productivity, and to improve existing management practices.
The mission of the new GIDA is in the business of marketing to its customers IRRIGATION and DRAINAGE, WATER MANAGEMENT, STOCKWATER and AQUACULTURE services and facilities.
These would be achieved in cooperation with other agencies within the framework of National Agricultural Policy of the country by: -