ACHIEVEMENTS OF MINISTRIES – MINISTRY OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE
JANUARY – JUNE 2011
A. AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING SERVICES DIRECTORATE (AESD)
The following achievements were recorded by the AESD during the period under review.
Establishment of Agricultural Mechanization Services Centres (AMSEC)
Under the programme facilitating farmers’ access to mechanized services, 87 out of 170 AMSEC centres have been established nationwide. These centres have been equipped initially with five agricultural tractors and matching implements and some maize shellers. During quarterly monitoring visits conducted to some centres it was noted that some pro active AMSECs have privately sourced for additional machinery to service farmers along the value chain. Examples noted were Faby C., Mikleb Co. etc who have sourced for planters, shellers etc
Procurement of Agricultural Machinery/Equipment under Brazilian Government Facility
The Directorate has facilitated the process for the supply of US$ 95.0 million worth of agricultural machinery/equipment under Brazilian Government facility. These machinery/equipment are to be supplied in three tranches with the 1st tranche of US$35.0 million expected in the country by commencement of the end of the 2nd Quarter 2011.
The machinery/equipment expected include tractors and implements for land preparation, planters, seed drills and boom sprayers for crop management, combine harvesters for harvesting, rice threshers and shellers for primary processing as well as mobile workshops for servicing and repairs of machinery on the field. These machinery are expected to augment AMSEC facilities and support individual farmers.
Japanese Government Assistance Progamme (2KR – 2009)
The Directorate with support from the Japanese Grant Assistance Programme (2KR-2009) has taken delivery of agricultural machinery/equipment worth US$5.1 million. The machinery and equipment received and assembled include:
The machinery/equipment are being distributed to beneficiaries within six project regions (NR, UER, UWR, AR, GAR and VR).
Mobilization and Deployment of Combine Harvesters to Rice/Maize Production Areas
As part of the Directorates programme of improving the timely harvesting of rice and reducing the drudgery associated with rice harvesting, 165 combine harvesters (rice and maize) have been received, assembled and deployed to rice and maize fields across the country. This activity has reduced harvesting losses which normally occur as result of manual harvesting and insurgence of bushfire. This activity is ongoing. The Directorate facilitates the routine maintenance and repair of these harvesters.
Promotion of Low Capacity and Intermediate Technology along the Value Chain
To ensure that farmers with fragile soils have access to appropriate agricultural machinery, the Directorate facilitated the introduction and promotion of vari mini machinery/equipment systems to farmer groups and individual farmers in the Upper East Region. The vari mini systems are made up of land preparation machinery (tillers), crop management machinery (irrigation pumps) and primary processing machinery. The promotion of this technology is ongoing.
Training of farm machinery/equipment operators
To prevent premature breakdown of agricultural machinery, reduce machinery/equipment downtime and ensure effective utilization of agricultural machinery/equipment, the Directorate during the period under review has organized several trainings for machinery operators and beneficiaries, mechanics, technicians and engineers on proper handling, repair and maintenance of agricultural machinery. So far over 200 beneficiaries have been trained and equipped with requisite skills in the handling of agricultural machinery.
Provision of Mechanized Borehole Services for all year Agriculture
Under the Ministry’s ground water development programme aimed at harvesting groundwater for agricultural purposes, the Directorate has deployed 20 drilling rigs to provide mechanized borehole services for crop and livestock production. During the period under review over 1000 boreholes have been drilled and mechanized for farmers and agro processors.
Other technologies (reverse osmosis principle) are being explored to treat low quality water as well as sourcing for cheaper alternative means of energy for lifting water.
Promotion of Agro Processing Equipment and Storage Facilities
To minimize post harvest losses during storage and to hold emergency stocks, the Directorate supported the National Food Buffer Stock Company with the installation of grainpro cocoons. The activity was made up of site assessment and installation of the grainpro cocoons. In total 3,220 MT capacities of 50MT and 20MT units have been distributed to Central and Northern Regions. 60.35 MT of maize has been stocked in Ejura, Sunyani, Wenchi, Winneba and Cape Coast as well as 1,026MT of maize stocked at Tamale.
During the process of stocking, 50 beneficiaries including AEAs and farmers were trained on grainpro cocoon installation and maintenance.
The Directorate also facilitated the installation of 14 mechanical dryers and solar dryers nationwide to improve quality of stocks for storage and reduce post harvest losses of grains and vegetables.
MOFA Motorcycle Policy
To support the effective extension service delivery especially in the provision of agricultural technologies, monitoring and evaluation, the Directorate facilitated the development of a motorcycle policy to provide a general framework of the planned purchase and deployment of motorcycles to field officers and immediate field supervisors. The policy is intended to deliver effective and efficient services to clients, rationalize the use, management and disposal of the motorcycles in the Ministry.
B. ANIMAL PRODUCTION DIRECTORATE
In order to boost livestock production and productivity in the country, the following activities were undertaken
C. DIRECTORATE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES
The Directorate of Agricultural Extension Services (DAES) is one of the Technical Directorates of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA). It is responsible for agricultural technology diffusion through the management of an extension service delivery in the country.
Empower farmers with knowledge
Farmer Based Organization (FBO)
Encourage Adoption of Technologies
D. DIRECTORATE OF CROP SERVICES
The Directorate has been able to achieve the following under these main FASDEP objectives
E. Women in agricultural development directorate (WIAD)
The Women in Agricultural Development Directorate (WIAD) of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture has been implementing its programs with the main aim of supporting household food production for improved nutrition, improving post production management of agricultural produce for increased income and above all achieve household food security. WIAD also has the task of integrating gender concerns into the policies and programs of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA). The objectives of the Directorate include the following:
a) Gender Accountability Framework: Planning sessions for a Gender Accountability Framework based on the Gender and Agricultural Development Strategy (GADS) was held in collaboration with CIDA and Directorates of MOFA starting with four directorates (Statistics Research Information Directorate, Directorate of Agricultural Extension Services, Human Resource Development and Management Directorate) have so far made input into the framework with the aim to mainstream gender and for their workplans to be assessed. So far all the technical Directorates have been covered.
b) Gender Responsive Budgeting: Fifteen (15) Budget Officers of MOFA in six regions in the southern sector have been trained
2) Food Trials
a) Trials on corn soy bread (multi-grain bread): Eight (8) Bakers in Greater Accra, (Abokobi, Adenta and Osu) and 8 MOFA staff were trained on the use of soy flour (as a protein fortifier) and corn in bread making. The product has been widely accepted and has picked up especially at Osu. The challenge however, is with the production of high quality soy flour, which at the moment is being produced on a very small scale using manual systems.
b) Trials on soymilk: in order to introduce other flavours of soy milk, sensory tests were carried out on soy milk flavoured with ginger, thyme and cloves. There were varied responses but the majority of consumers preferred the ginger flavor.
c) Trials on NERICA Rice: WIAD conducted trials on ten (10) varieties of NERICA Rice in collaboration with the NERICA Project of the Crop services Directorate to promote local rice. Various foods including boiled rice, jolloff, fried rice, rice porridge, Omo tuo were tried and a cookery booklet has been developed.
d) Plantain Flour Utilisation: Production and utilization of Plantain flour for various foods promoted in three Regions (Ashanti, Brong Ahafo and Western) and a recipe manual printed.
e) Seidu Beille Yam: A booklet on the various products from this variety of Yam grown around the Bole area has been developed.
f) Compilation work on indigenous Foods: This is in progress as measurement and nutritional content is being analysed. This is to support the promotion of local foods through the development of an updated local recipe manual.
3) Staff Training:
a) Food Safety: A training program on Food Safety was held for twenty two (22) WIAD Regional staff, sixty (60) Market women in Greater Accra and thirty five (35) District officers. Training materials included handouts CD documentaries to be used on video vans to further extend information. A field trip for exposure and Radio programs done in Sunyani and Greater Accra. Twelve (12) Farmers and Traders of Exotic vegetables in Ledzokuku Krowor Municipality sensitized on production of safe vegetables. b) Orientation for New District Staff: 30 new staff to support the delivery of WIAD activities have been posted to the Districts and they have been provided with training in Nutrition, Food Safety and Food Processing among others.
c) Clarification of Roles and Responsibilities and
Planning/Budgeting for Regional Staff: This covered the 10 Regional officers
c) Training in Food Processing Technology in China: Nine (9) officers (Regional/District/National) have so far benefitted from this Training
d) Women in Leadership and Management Course: Two Officers have benefited
Monitoring and familiarization visit have been conducted in all the Regions to date and various interventions done.
5) Awareness Program on the Health Benefits of Fruits and Vegetables on
Radio and TV: This is on-going at various radio stations.
6) Development of Educational Material: Posters on Soy milk and Flour
Production has been produced to support training on the field. A flyer on tomato processing completed to support the Districts for small scale tomato processing
7) Nungua Farmer Demonstration Home: The Conference area is complete and a workshop on possible uses for sustainable running of the Center has been completed. A draft Food Safety Manual to support Training at the Center has been developed.
8) Participation in Fairs:
a) National Farmer Day
b) Health and Nutrition Fair
c) Policy Fair
f) Scientific Renaissance Day
g) FARGRO/World Food Day
9) Other contributions
F. VETERINARY SERVICES DIRECTORATE (VSD)
As a measure to improve disease early warning system, VSD continued to organise active surveillance for Avian Influenza. This together with the routine passive surveillance provided evidence for absence of Avian Influenza disease and/or infection in the domestic poultry and
Avian Flu and African Horse Sickness Prevention
Also as part of the National Emergency Plan for the Prevention and Response against Avian Influenza in Ghana, VSD organized simulation exercises as a Contingency Plan (CP) consisting of preparedness activities in prevention of any eventuality of AI outbreak in Ghana. Further, as communicable diseases do not respect borders, a cross border meeting involving veterinary experts from Cote D’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin and Togo, was held in Sunyani to deliberate on disease situation in the sub-region.
During the later part of 2009, the country was hit by an outbreak of African Horse Sickness, a highly fatal and infectious disease which affects horses, mules and donkeys. A prompt action by way of vaccinating all horses within Greater Accra Region and movement control instituted by the Directorate nib the outbreak bud to prevent the disease from spreading beyond Accra.
During the last quarter of 2010, the country secured a project called the Vaccine against Neglected Animal Diseases (VACNADA) for the three northern regions. The project is involved in vaccination of village chicken, guinea fowls and turkeys against Newcastle Disease which usually has mortality close to 80% of rural poultry. A total of 1,026,067 rural poultry have been vaccinated since June 2011.
To ensure that Ghana produces her own quality vaccine to meet international stardards, VACNADA project through Global Alliance for Veterinary Medicine (GALVMED) has refurbished the vaccine production unit, a chicken housing facility at Accra Veterinary Laboratory. GALVMED has also provided the needed equipment, glass ware, reagents and consumables for efficient running of the vaccine production unit of the laboratory. As import substitution measure, the laboratory is producing 10 million doses of wet I-2 vaccine for a booster vaccination against Newcastle Disease in the three northern regions of the country.
General Disease Surveillance and Control
In order to control Anthrax, Blackleg and Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, which are endemic diseases in the country, the Central Veterinary Laboratory in Pong Tamale from 2009 to date has produced 166,700 doses of Anthrax spore vaccine, 83,600 doses of Blackleg vaccine and 15,700 doses of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia vaccine to avoid foreign import dependency. Anthrax for example claims human life each year in the three northern regions through consumption of infected meat.
To prevents Tuberculosis from spreading within herds of cattle in the Accra Plains, where peri-urban milk collection take place, the Directorate in April 2010 and in July 2011 organized screening of cattle by using the tuberculin skin test. The results range between 1.3%-20.9percent positive. Farmers whose cattle tested positive were persuaded to send them for slaughter to help remove the infection from within the herd as well as from the human food chain.
Tsetse fly Eradication
Under the Tsetse fly Eradication Project, the Tsetse & Trypanosomiasis Unit of VSD used a combination of tsetse fly control methods: Sequential Aerosol Technique (SAT), Ground Spraying, use of impregnated targets and Screens alongside “pour on” application on livestock to achieve 99.6% reduction in tsetse fly population in the Upper West Region as at May, 2010. This was based on independent monitoring results of a consultant hire to supervise the SAT operation in the project.
During the first half of 2011, the Directorate organized two vaccination campaigns. One was against rabies which is a public health threat because of large stray dog population. By June, a total of 95,643dogs, 14,834 cats have been vaccinated against rabies. Also, 776, 007 sheep and goats were vaccinated against Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), a highly contagious viral disease of sheep and goats.
Update of Legislation
VSD continued to dialogue with relevant MDAs for passage of bills and laws. In 2011, the Directorate made some input into the section 9 of the Public Health Bill, 2010 produced by Ghana Health Services. The draft Meat Inspection Bill of 2004 is also under review.
Under theme “safe meat for public consumption with special reference to bovine tuberculosis” VSD in collaboration with the Tuberculosis Programme Unit of Ghana Health Service organized a 3 day workshop for Veterinary Technical and Environmental health officers of three northern regions.
Internal Revenue Generation
The Directorate realized a total revenue of GH¢3,483,916 as revenue of which 25 % retention fee (Internal Generated Fund) enable the Directorate meet some of its programmes. A new approach to the revenue enhancement policy has helped to increase the revenue collection.
G. GRAINS AND LEGUMES DEVELOPMENT BOARD (GLDB)
The Grains and Legumes Development Board (GLDB) was set up by an Act of Parliament No. 324 of 17th April, 1970 as a subvented organization under the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA).
The mission of the Board is to produce and distribute good quality Foundation seeds of cereals, legumes and vegetable seeds as well as vegetatively propagated planting materials of cassava, plantain, yam and citrus seedlings. In addition, the board is to make available processing and storage facilities to registered seed growers and other farmers.
The functions of GLDB include:
The Board produces quality foundation seeds under the National Seed Programme. These seeds are then supplied to registered seed growers and companies for the production certified seeds for farmers.
The Board’s activities include the production of cassava cuttings, plantain suckers, seed yams and citrus seedlings to meet the demand of farmers.
Processing and storage services are provided to registered seed growers and other farmers at three locations. Services include evacuation, shelling, drying, conditioning and storage. The locations are:
Processed seeds are stored in cold rooms at the request of seed growers, institutions, organizations and other individual farmers. Quantities of certified seeds procured as National Security Stocks (NSSS) against disasters are kept in cold rooms at Ho, Winneba and Kumasi under the management of the Board. Management activities include routine sampling and testing.
Under this programme, the country is divided into six zones with each zone managed by a Planting Material Officer from GLDB. As an important aspect of the programme, the Board has the responsibility to establish cassava primary sites from where materials are coppiced for secondary sites established by farmers.
TARGETS AND ACHIEVEMENTS
Targets are set each year in consultation with the State Enterprises Commission (SEC), which also assesses the Board’s actual achievement at the end of the year
GLDB ACHIEVEMENTS IN 2009
|Crop/Activity||2009Production (MT)||To Crop Certified Seed (Ha)||To Crop Grain Fields (Ha)|
|Cereals & LegumesMaizeSorghum
|Other planting materialsCassava (cuttings)Citrus seedlings
Storage (Certified Seed)
National Security Stock
GLDB ACHIEVEMENTS IN 2010
|Crop/Activity||2010Production (MT)||To Crop Certified Seed (Ha)||To Crop Grain Fields (Ha)|
|Cereals & LegumesMaizeSorghum
|Other planting materialsCassava (cuttings)Citrus seedlings||136,000 (34ha)
Storage (Certified Seed)
National Security Stock
|1000 MT800 MT|
TARGETS FOR 2011
|CROP||2011 TARGET (MT)||TO CROP CERTIFIED SEED (HA)||TO CROP GRAIN FIELDS (HA)|
|Other planting materialsCassava (Cuttings)Citrus seedlings||280,000 (70ha)10,000 seedlings||2,800,000 (700ha)||28,000,000|
|Processing and Storage Servicesi. Processing: To process 1000mt of certified seed and food grains.ii. Storage: To manage and store 800mt of certified seeds of maize and other crops.|
ACHIEVEMENTS AS AT 30TH JUNE 2011
|2011 Planned Activities||Major Season Cultivation (ha)||Achievements as 30th June|
|Production (MT)Maize: 96.0Rice: 40.0
Cowpea: 40.0 Soybean: 40.0 Groundnut: 30.0
|Ashanti Region: Maize: 36.0 ha; Cassava: 20.0Brong Ahafo Region:
Maize: 24.0 ha; Cassava: 20.0 ha
Maize: 8.0 ha; Cassava: 10.0 ha
Cassava: 4.0 ha
Total Maize: 68.0ha
Total Cassava: 60.0ha
|A total of 68.0 ha Maize have been planted and 60.0 ha of Cassava primary sites have been established in the Southern Sector.A total land area of 207.5 acres (83ha) has been prepared in the northern sector and planting of Rice, Groundnut, Soybean, Cowpea and Sorghum is on-going.|
H. FISHERIES COMMISSION
Marine Fish Production
Marine fish production for 2010 (Jan – June) is reported to be 166,165mt while that of the same period in 2011 is estimated to b 157,956mt.
Seven new vessels were registered and 119 vessels were licensed yielding a revenue of GH¢1,887,057.66
Ten CBFMC Bye Laws were gazetted during the first quarter of the year. Four bye laws were passed with the District attorney (D/A) and three passed with the Attorney General
Inland Fish Production and Aquaculture Development
Inland fish production increased from 20,000.58mt in 2010 to 24,475.75mt in 2011 (all in the first quarter). This shows an increase of 18.3%. Aquaculture production is 7,797.6mt. This is made up of 3,472 from pond culture and 4325.6mt from cage culture. The annual estimated target is 15,000mt.
A total of 63 ponds of surface area of 6.03ha were stocked with 310,599 fingerlings throughout the country
Fish Production and Aquaculture Development
A total of 46 sites were surveyed for pond construction upon request from six regions throughout the country. 90 new ponds with total surface area of 13,709.45ha as well as 114 new cages with total surface area of 8650m3 were constructed during the period under review
A total 11,585,652 fingerlings were produced
An aquaculture advisory committee has been established to draft an Aquaculture development plan.
Fish Health and Disease Surveillance
Eight cage farms, 37 ponds were visited in the Central, Greater Accra, Eastern, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Volta and Western Regions. Incidence of poor water quality challenges especially dissolved oxygen, parasite and bacteria were observed.
Monitoring exercise was also carried out in Afram Plains districts where 80 cages out of 200 cages were sampled
Twenty three (23) ponds and one cage site were visited for certification of production systems. Five farms did not have satisfactory standards of production.
Monitoring, Control and Surveillance of Fisheries Activities
A total of 154 vessels were inspected at the Tema Port.
37 vessels were arrested by the Navy during patrols visits. (16 canoes, 16 inshore, 1 tuna, 4 trawlers were arrested for offenses including fishing with light, fishing without license and fishing in the IEZ)
49,473.446mt of frozen fish were imported into the Tema port by 15 companies
An investigation of the practice was carried out in the Central Region
A total of 85 fish farms were visited to provide extension support to the fish farmers. In addition a total of 49 trainings were organized throughout the country with 1,441 benefiting from these trainings. Four fishermen groups and one fish processors group has also been formed in the Northern part of the country.
A total of ten educational fora on the Act have been organized
Evaluation of pilot programme completed. Discussion with the Stakeholders held to start expanded phase of canoe embossment programme
There is a plan to develop two harbours at Elimina and James Town and then 12 landing sites at Axim, Discove, Moree, Fete, Mumford, Winneba, Senya Breku, Teshie, Ada, Keta, Abotoase, Dzemeni. Surveys, engineering drswlings and the EIA have been completed.
Cold stores have been planned for six communities Nyanyano, Kromantsi, Half Assini New Takoradi, Shama and Prampram. Works have begun at all sites whiles the Nyanyanor site is 90% complete, Kromantsi is 70% complete, Shama and Prampram 30% completed. Half Asini foundation level, New Takoradi not started.