PROGRAMME FOR THE PROMOTION OF PERENNIAL CROPS IN GHANA

The Food and Agricultural Sector Development Policy (FASDEP) of Ghana, which guides development and interventions in the agriculture sector, lists the following as constraints bedevilling the sector:

  • Gender inequality and discrimination against women
  • Inadequate road infrastructure
  • Limiting market access
  • Lack of long-term credit
  • Unavailability of high-yielding planting material, poor agronomic practices, and cultivation of smallholdings.

Strategies outlined in the FASDEP to address the above listed constraints include:

  • The promotion of crops like rubber and oil palm on the basis of comparative and competitive advantage of agro-ecological zones and availability of markets.
  • Promote linkage of smallholder production to industry
  • Promote formation of viable farmer-based organisations with gender equity, to enhance their knowledge, skills, and access to resources along the value chain, and for stronger bargaining power in marketing
  • Advocate improved rural infrastructure
  • Strongly promote outgrower-nucleus farmer linkage as a way of improving smallholders’ access to credit, improved planting material, extension on improved agronomic practices, and capacity to expand farm size per holder.

The Programme for the Promotion of Perennial Crops in Ghana is implementing the strategies outlined by the FASDEP through the following actions:

  • Linking of farmers to market in TOPP and GREL from the very onset of implementation
  • Creating and strengthening of farmer associations by the recruitment of a consultant to build capacity of the farmers’ associations over a two-year period
  • Building of 77km of feeder roads and 210km of farm roads
  • Designing two outgrower projects under the Programme

The Programme for the Promotion of Perennial Crops in Ghana became effective on August 15, 2006 when the Government of Ghana signed Credit Facility Agreements with Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD), a French development agency and Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (KfW), a German development bank. The programme will end in December, 2013.

The programme initially consisted of four main components:

  • Institutional support to MOFA
  • Rubber outgrower project
  • Oil palm outgrower project
  • Coconut outgrower plantations

The Institutional Support to MOFA comprises: Policy for Perennial Crops; socio-economic surveys; prospective for rubber in Eastern region; Master plan for oil palm; feasibility study on coconut sector; clean development mechanism; supervision missions; audits; and steering committee meetings.

Rubber Outgrower Plantations Project III (ROPP III) and Buabin Oil Palm Outgrower Project (BOPOP) were technically started in December, 2006 as outgrower projects of rubber and oil palm plantations respectively, when the contracts with Technical and Financial Operators were signed. The Technical Operators are Ghana Rubber Estates Limited (GREL) for ROPP III and Twifo Oil Palm Plantations (TOPP) Limited for BOPOP. Crop Services Directorate of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture has oversight responsibility for the two projects. The National Investment Bank (NIB) is the Financial Operator, and therefore, the institution administering the credit component of the loan for ROPP III and BOPOP. Agriculture Development Bank (ADB) is administering the credit component for Phase II farms of the ROPP. The Consortium GOPA-Nkum has been recruited to build the capacity of the farmers’ associations over a two-year period.

The Applied Research component of the oil palm project is being implemented by Oil Palm Research Institute (OPRI), while that of the rubber project is being implemented by CIRAD, France and University of Ghana Agriculture Research Centre (ARC), Kade.
The overall objective of ROPP III is to expand rubber cultivation by 7,000ha for 1,750 farmers cultivating an average of 4ha in seven districts in the Western and seven districts in the Central regions and support the maintenance of 4,055ha of immature rubber planted under ROPP I & II. The objective of BOPOP is to expand oil palm cultivation by 3,000ha in Buabin and surrounding villages in the Central region.
The coconut outgrower plantations component was to have its content set out in a feasibility study provided for within the framework of the institutional support component. However, AFD hasn’t shown interest in getting the feasibility study undertaken. AFD’s Aide Memoire of April 2008 clearly stated that “the conditions for the preparation of a new specific project on this sector are not met”. The Aide Memoire further goes on to say that “the funds initially earmarked (in the agreement) for the feasibility study on coconut can be reallocated to another use”.

Project Status and Achievements

PROJECT/ WORK PACKAGE / ACTIVITY

STATUS/ACHIEVEMENT

COMMENTS

INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT

Policy for Perennial Crops

Completed

Socio Economic Surveys

Completed

Prospect for rubber in E/R

Cancelled

changed to feasibility studies

Master Plan for Oil Sector

Completed

Feasibility Study on Coconut

Cancelled

Clean Development Mechanism

Ongoing

Supervision Missions

Ongoing

Last one to be done in 2013

Audits

Ongoing

Last one to be done in 2013

Steering Committees

Completed

 

RUBBER

Investment in ROPP III

Completed

7884.98ha planted for 1800 farmers

Investment in ROPP II

Completed

4055ha well maintained and in production

Technical assistance to planters

Completed

Roads programme

Ongoing

44.52km completed as at Dec. 2012

Support to planters’ association

Completed

Applied Research

Completed

 

OIL PALM

Investment in plantations

Completed

3300ha planted for 1000 farmers. 

Technical assistance to planters

Completed

Roads programme

Ongoing

7km feeder roads completed and 253.5km farm roads completed as at Dec. 2012

 

Support to planters’ association

Completed

Applied research

Completed

Excellently executed

 

NEW PROJECTS ADDED

Mid-Term Review

Completed

Renovation of Offices & Equipment

Completed

OPOA Office Construction

Completed

Feasibility Studies for PCP II

Completed

Food Security Studies

Ongoing

Procurement of consultants ongoing

Vehicles

Completed

Renovation of OPRI germinator

Cancelled

Renovation of DCS conference room

Completed

 

ORIGINAL

NEW

TOTAL

TOTALS

COMPLETED PROJECTS

13

6

19

ONGOING PROJECTS

5

1

6

CANCELLED PROJECTS

2

1

3