Land Acquisition and Data On Plantation Crops

Land Acquisition

Land in the district could be acquired through inheritance, lease, and private ownership or hiring. As far as the terms of land acquisition are concerned, about 50% of the farmers acquired their land without any payment, the rest acquire their land through either sharecropping and on a fixed rent basis.

The main types of sharecropping are the “abunnu” (half of the crop produced are given to the tenant farmer and half to the landowner) and “abusa” (two-thirds of the produce is given to the farmer and one-third to the landowner).

Farmers’ Groups

There are about 146 farmer groups and other common interest groups in the district. The formation of Farmer Based Organizations is on-going. The FBOs have the potential of developing and strengthening the Value Chain of various commodities for the mutual benefit of all actors.

Over the years, the capacity of these FBOs has been built by MOFA in collaboration with institutions like, ADRA, MIDA, TIPCEE, KROBODAN, Hunger Project etc. Some of them have benefitted from credit facilities provided by some of the above institutions.

SOME FBOs IN THE YILO KROBO DISTRICT

    1. Korm Land & Water Management Group
    2. Pleyo Cassava Processing Group
    3. Sodjonu Land & Water Management Group
    4. Labolabo Cassava Processing Group
    5. Koyire Land & Water Management Group and
    6. Koyire Cassava Processing Group
    7. Ahinkwa Cassava Processing Group
    8. Opersika Land & Water Management Group
    9. Perpertifi Land & Water Management Group
    10. Akpamu Yiti Decent Mothers Cassava Processing Group
    11. Obawale Cassava Processing Group
    12. Trawa Cassava Processing Group
    13. Akorwu Kakepemi Nyermisomi Cassava Processing Group
    14. Yilo Krobo Grasscutter Farmers Association
    15. Yilo Krobo Mango Growers Association
    16. Yilo Krobo Poultry Farmers Association
    17. Yilo Krobo Beekeepers Association
    18. Yilo Krobo Pig Farmers Association
    19. Yilo Krobo Cattle Farmers Association
    20. Okper Maize, Pepper & Cassava Farmers Association
    21. Okper Love & Unity Society
    22. Huhunya Unity Farmers Association
    23. Apersua Mile 7 Farmers Association
    24. Opersika Emaahi Farmers Association
    25. Aketebour Cassava Growers & Processors Association
    26. Yilo Krobo Mango Seedling Producers Association

Marketing

The three main markets in the District are Somanya, Nkurakan and Agogo markets. Middlemen from Accra, Tema and Koforidua play a major role in the marketing of agricultural produce in the district. Most of the farmers sell their produce to middlemen who, in turn, send it to other marketing centers within and outside the district for sale.

These 3 main markets of the district play a very important role in the marketing of agricultural produce.

Please refer to the table below.

Main Markets of the Yilo Krobo District

Name of Market Location Market Days Remarks
Agogo Market

Nkurakan Market

Somanya Market

Agogo

Nkurakan

Somanya

Tuesdays & Fridays

Mondays & Thursdays

Wednesdays & Saturdays

Agricultural Infrastructure

  • Fertilizer depots – Nil
  • Input retailing shops – 11
  • Tractor service centres (AMSEC) – 2
  • Storage facilities available (traditional and improved and communal or private)

Construction of Mango Pack House by MiDA is on-going

LAND USE

Land Use (Specific to Agriculture)

Land Use

Total Land Area (T.L.A)

Agric Land Area (A.L.A)

Area under cultivation (2004)

Total area under irrigation (2004)

Area under inland waters

Others (forest reserves, savannah

woodland, etc.)

Fallow land area

Hectares %
805 Sq.km

783.7 Sq.km

650 Sq.km

15 Sq.km

21.3 Sq.km

133.8

100

97.4

80.8

1.9

2.7

16.6

Land Use (General)

Land Use Area (‘000sq.km) % of Total
Savanna woodland

Bush fallow and other uses

Unimproved pasture

Forest reserves

Tree crops

Annual crops

Wildlife reserves

Total

10.8 Sq.km

15.0 Sq.km

2.5 Sq.km

21.3 Sq.km

1.5 Sq.km

648.5 Sq.km

105.4 Sq.km

805 Sq.km

1.3

1.9

0.3

2.7

0.2

80.5

13.1

100

Rainfall Distribution by Agro-ecological zones

Agro-ecological Zone Mean annual Rain (mm) Growing Period (Days)

Major season                            Minor season

1. Rain Forest

2. Deciduous Forest

3. Transitional

4. Coastal Savannah

1,200 – 1,600

750mm  – 1,200

March – August

March – August

September – December

September – December

Domestic Food Supply and demand Position (2010)

Crop

Total Domestic Production

(‘000 Mt)

Production Available for Human Consumption*

(‘000 Mt)

Per Capita Consumption (Kg/Annum)

Estimated National Consumption

(‘000 Mt)

Deficit/

Surplus

(‘000 Mt)

2008 2009 2010
Maize 14,253 13,215 19,588
Cassava 118,793 121,176 168,807
Plantain 3,916 2,948 3,816
Cocoyam 17,029 17,881 16,656
Yam 21,514 11,958 14,571
Total

DATA ON PLANTATION CROPS IN THE YILO KROBO DISTRICT- 2010

Mango is the major tree crop cultivated in the Lower Yilo. It has both ecological and economic potential. Land area under mango cultivation continues to increase every year. In 2010, a total area of 1,314.9 ha was recorded.  Some of the varieties under cultivation include; Keitt, Kent, Palmer, Tommy Aikinns, Harden, Erwin etc. Mango growers in the District have received enormous training from MOFA and other institutions like ADRA, TIPCEE in the past. Quite recently, MIDA and ADVANCE have trained the Mango Growers Association in Commercial and Technical Development. Some farmers have also benefitted from the MIDA credit assistance. Currently MIDA is building a mango pack house at Akorley for the catchment area.

Data on Mango Production – 2010

CROP EXT. CROP AREA (ACREAGE) HA NO. OF FARMERS IN CULTIVATION EXT. YIELD

MT/HA

EXT. PRODUCTION (T)
*Mango 1,314.9 486 5.1 4,024

Note: About 60% of cultivated area fruiting

EXTIMATED REVENUE FROM ONE HECTARE MANGO PRODUCTION

No. Variables Years after Transplanting
Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8
1. Number of fruits per tree 150 200 250 300 300
2. Number of trees per acre 40 40 40 40 40
3. Number of fruits per acre (1×2) 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 12,000
4. Price of 1kg. mango fruit (Gh¢) 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40
5. Revenue per acre (Gh¢) (3×4) 2,400 3,200 4,000 4,800 4,800
6. Revenue from 1 hectare field (Gh¢) (5×2.5 ac) 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 12,000

Agro-Processing Firms/Groups

Name of Company/Group Location Main Activity
Koyire Cassava Processing Group Koryire Cassava Processing
Ahinkwa Cassava Processing Group Ahinkwa Cassava Processing
Trawa Cassava Processing Group Trawa Cassava Processing
Obawale Cassava Processing Group Obawale Cassava Processing
Klo Akwapim Cassava Processing Group Klo Akwapim Cassava Processing
Labolabo Cassava Processing Group Labolabo Cassava Processing
Trawa Cassava Processing Group Trawa Cassava Processing
Akpamu Cassava Processing Group Akpamu Cassava Processing

Note:Groups were supported under the FABs Project – 2005 to 2006

Agricultural Projects

No Name of Project Location Target Beneficiaries Remarks
Male Female Total
1. RTIMP All operational areas 1,000 (2009 & 2010) 892 248 1,140 114 % Achieved. Improved cassava planting materials distributed to farmers
2. EMQAP Export Mango & Vegetable Production areas- Akorley, Trom, Tukuwe, Nkurakan, Boti, Akorwu Bana, Ahinkwa, Pleyo, Sikabeng, Oterkpolu, Bukunor, Opersika, Osuboi 600 368 116 484 Beneficiaries trained in Malaria and HIV/AIDS and Standardization – Globalgap and Ghanagap, Value Chain for Mango & Pepper and Production technologies
3. MIDA Akorley, Tukuwe, Trom, Azza, Labolabo, Ahieyom, Korm, Onumaku, Obenyemi, Oterkpolu, Bukunor, Sikabeng, Pleyo, Obawale, Akpamu, Akorwu Bana, Boti, Opersika, Trawa, Klo Akwapim, Koryire, Nsutapong, Ahinkwa 1000 farmers 678 309 987 98.7% achieved 20FBOs primed, sensitized and trained.(2007-2011)

All FBOs benefited from Starter Pack

Some members of 5 FBOs benefited from credit

4. FABS Obawale, Klo Akwapim, Labolabo, Ahinkwa, , Koryire, Akpamu, , Trawa, 8 cassava Processing equipment Supported in 2005 & 2006
5. Youth in Agriculture (Block Farm) Ogome, Sikabeng, Huhunya (2010)

All operational areas – 2011

100 ac

88 ac

35

47

12

8

47

55

100%  achieved 100% loan recovery – 2010
6. Hunger Project Akpamu, Obenyemi, Ponponya, Boti, 4 epicenters Epicenter provided for the mentioned communities
7. ADVANCE Export Mango & Vegetable Production areas Mango and Vegetable export farmers trained in Value Chain and Fruit fly control