ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE WEST AFRICA AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY PROGRAMME (WAAPP)

Component 1: Enabling Conditions for Regional Cooperation in TGD (Main collaborators for almost all activities were Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Plant Protection and Regulatory Services Directorate (PPRSD) and Directorate of Crop Services (DCS)

  1. Development of an Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) for WAAPP I but it is yet to be operationalized. Thus in WAAPP I a number of projects undertaken lacked or may have not been adequately screened.
  2. Development and review of seventeen (17) harmonized protocols for the biological evaluation of the efficacy of pesticides
  3. Development/review of national procedures for the registration of pesticides
  • Harmonized national procedures for the registration of genetic materials with regional procedures completed.
  • Initiated action for the establishment of a system for the registration of genetic material.
  • Protocols for testing Distinctness, Uniformity, Stability and Value for Cultivation or Use have been analyzed, documented and validated for Cassava, Yam, Sweet potato, Maize, Rice, Sorghum, Groundnut and Cowpea.
  • Secretariat  for the National Variety Release and Registration and for cataloguing and registration of newly released and existing genetic materials established
  • Cataloguing of existing and newly released varieties has begun. A template has been developed (considering the harmonized manual of procedures for the registration of varieties and species in Ghana).
  • Two (2) offices renovated, Two (2) laptops and one (1) desk top computer equipments has been procured to commence work on the cataloguing of genetic materials.
  • Researchers have been sensitized on issues of international property rights on technologies generated through a workshop organized by the CSIR.

 

Component 2: National Center of Specialization 
  • Release of four high yielding cassava varieties (yield range: 35-60 T/ha) adapted to the major agro-ecological zones of Ghana. One of the varieties is poundable whiles the others are good for processing into different products.
  • 12 acres of breeder seed of cassava multiplication fields were established in Ashanti, Brong Ahafo and Volta Regions.
  • Successfully tested two herbicides for weed control in cassava
  • Validated the use of yam vines for yam seed production
  • Identified four elite cocoyam and six sweet potato cultivars ready for official release
  • Under biotechnology several fingerprinting, molecular assessment of varieties, in vitro propagation and in vitro conservation were done.
  • 8 different products and recipes of sweet potatoes were developed for consumers
  • 65 farmers in Brong Ahafo and 34 farmers in Greater Accra were trained in cassava and sweet potato rapid multiplication respectively.
  • The construction of the biotechnology complex is progressing on schedule. It is due for completion in December 2011.
  • Two Visiting Scientists from Senegal visited the CSIR-Food Research Institute
  • A multidisciplinary team of seven (7) researchers from WAAPP-Mali NCOS visited WAAPP-Ghana
  • Eleven (11) researchers visited Nigeria, Mali and Senegal for a month on visiting scientists exchange programme.
 
 
Component 3: Funding of Demand-Driven Technology Generation and Adoption 

CARGS Projects

  1. The RELC Manual was reviewed nation-wide by stakeholders in ten regions.
  2. The CARGS manual was also reviewed. (Both manuals would be validated in October 2012).
  3. The CARGS Board is in place and operational.
  4. Regional RELC Coordinators and their assistants are in place to conduct RELC activities.
  5. The national research coordinator (CSIR) and the national extension coordinator (MOFA/DAES) are in place to coordinate national RELC programmes.
  6. RELC review/planning sessions were organized in each of the 10 regions of Ghana. And thirty-one (31) researchable farmers’ constraints were prioritized and catalogued from the ten (10) regions and submitted to CARGS Board for necessary action.
  7. Ten (10) CARGS Board recommended projects are currently receiving funding with approval from the World Bank. Even though none has been completed monitoring visits to assess progress of all funded research projects were conducted by independent assessors and the indication is that there is considerable progress in implementation.

Non-Competitive Research Grant Scheme Projects

  1. A total of 21 Non-Competitive Research Grant Scheme (NCRGS) projects are being funded.
  2. The project on the use of composite flour involving cassava flour is ongoing and so far there has been encouraging results. The project involves the training of commercial and small scale bakers as well as domestic matrons for senior high schools and training colleges in the Central, Western and Volta Regions of Ghana.

Food Research Institute (FRI) of CSIR

  1. Under the WAAPP 1, some work has been done on the production of frozen yam chips for the urban and export markets. The project is currently collaborating with a private company for the packaging, promotion and export of frozen samples of yam and potato chips.
 
Directorate of Agricultural Extension Services (DAES) and/or Crop Services Directorate (CSD) of MOFA
  1. 34 community demonstration/multiplication sites established in 23 districts would be used to supply planting materials to 2,720 farmers for production in their catchment areas.  The area covered is about 40 acres.
  2. 150 individuals and schools with interest in the improved cassava planting materials have already established some of the materials on their farms.
  1. 105 farmers will benefit from the 7 acres of sweet potato community demonstration/multiplication sites in 7 districts. (105 acres of sweet potato are to be cultivated by these farmers).

 

  1. 80 District officers from 30 districts have been trained on guidelines for the establishment of field demonstrations of improved cassava and sweet potato varieties in collaboration with the Crop Services Directorate (CSD). Guidelines/protocols were developed.
  2. The Directorate maintained 6 acre plot of land through collaboration with CSIR-CRI with newly released cassava varieties (Bronibankye, Otuhia, Ampong, Sikabankye, etc.) in Atwima Kwanwoma District. Source of planting materials to implementing districts.
  3. Established 2 acres community demonstration sites in Techiman Municipality and Krachi East district on yam cultivation using ridges. 8,000 yam setts have been planted using ridges as against 5,400-5,600 that were planted on mounds (farmers’ practice)
  4. DAES is establishing e-extension within MOFA to enhance qualitative extension service delivery to farmers and other stakeholders.
  • The DAES is collaborating with the Plant Protection and Regulatory Services Directorate (PPRSD) to screen cassava planting material in 7 districts before being harvested and distributed.

 

Component 4: Project Coordination, Management, Monitoring and Evaluation 
  • 8 Steering committee meetings.
  • 10 Monthly Project Management meetings.
  • Have produced project reports to CORAF.
  • Quarterly monitoring field visits to project areas since inception of the project.
  • Have produced Environmental Management Plan Document and is operational.
  • Produced M&E Manual, and has set up a functional M&E system and Database is currently being tested..
  • Established Communication Strategy and is operational.
  • WAAPP is actively partnering the print and electronic media in technology dissemination and in making itself more visible. A network of journalists is being nurtured under WAAPP to practice science journalism.
  • Have trained stakeholders in M&E.
  • Financial monitoring is on-going.
  • Facilitated in procurement processing.
  • 3 Audit reports have been conducted and forwarded to World Bank office.
  • Actual disbursement plus commitments as at July 2011 was US$8,571,198.98 representing 57% of total loan of US$15 million.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1 Completed Technologies Funded by WAAPP

Project

Project Title

Recommendations

Dissemination Status

NC-01

Up-scaling of cassava/legume intercropping/rotation technology.

Rotate 2 plantings of cowpea with one planting of cassava

Adopted by 160 farmers in the Wenchi area

NC-05

Solar drying of cassava and sweet potato chips

Spread sliced chips uniformly on solar drying platform. Dry till chips are brittle

In use at several gari processing plants in Techiman, Wenchi districts.

NC-09

Growth of Volvariellavolvacea on root and tuber wastes

Grow spawns on root and tuber compost mixed with dry plantain leaves.

MoFA staff and farmers have been trained.

NC-10

Developing value-added convenience products from yam for urban markets.

Pre-treat with anti-oxidants and Freeze dry chips.

Icing Foods Ltd and E. Darkey& Associates Ltd are early adopters.

NCOS

Four (4) high-yielding & disease tolerant cassava varieties released.

Cultivate as per usual cassava agronomical practices.

Work on these varieties started before WAAPP but was completed with support from WAAPP. About 6000 farmers have benefited from these new varieties and dissemination is still on-going.

NCOS

Evaluation of pre- emergence herbicide for cassava production

Duran offered a longer duration of weed control (8 weeks) than Bellazine.

On-farm trials at Aworowa, Fumesua and Wenchi with farmer participation.

NCOS

Effect of cassava variety and planting distance on weed growth.

Early weed control reduced the frequency of weeding. The wide canopy spread of Bankyehemaa resulted in lower weeding frequency.

Trials at on-staion/on-farm at Fumesua and Wenchi.

NCOS

Ridging as a mechanical alternative to mounding for yam cultivation.

Use tractor-mounted ridgers to prepare the land. Plant yam ‘seeds’ in the ridges

Adopted by a large scale farmer at Ejura. 8 farmers are involved in field trials at Ejura however this technology has reached a total of 89 beneficiaries

NCOS

Fertilizer application on yam

45:45:60 give the maximum yield while 60:60:60 give zero rot on the field

At on-farm testing with farmer participation

NCOS

Multiplication of planting material for the cultivation of yam by the vine technology. 

The technology extends the usual ratio of 1:6 in the traditional system and the 1:40 minisett technology to 1:240

40 farmers are using the technology however a total of 400 farmers have been exposed to the technology.

NCOS

Promoting use of minisett technology of mother seed yam multiplication.

Extends the multiplication ratio of 1:6 to 1:40.

20 farmers each at Ejura, Nkoranza and Kintampo. So far, 10,000 minisetts are ready to be used at each location.