Eastern Region

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION OF THE REGION

Capital:            Koforidua.

Location:         Between longitude 0o 30” East and 1o 30” West and latitude 5o 30” North and 7 o 22”

north.

Boundaries:     The Region is bordered on the north by Brong Ahafo Region, north – west by Ashanti

Region, east   by Volta Region, south-east by Greater Accra Region, and south-west by Central Region.

DEMOGRAPHY

Total Population 2010 (based on 2000 census)                 –           2,420,925.

Total land area                                                                   –           19,320 sq km

As percentage of total land area of Ghana                                    –           8.1%

Population growth rate                                                     –           1.4%

Population density                                                                        –           125.3 persons per sq km

PHYSICAL FEATURES

Climate:

Rainy seasons – major (March-July) and minor (September-November).

Dry season – (November – February) and is characterized by cold dry weather

Annual rainfall ranges between 1500 to 2000mm and 900 to 1300mm in the forest and savannah zones respectively.

Average rainy days ranges between 85 and 130 days

Table:  ANNUAL AVERAGE RAINFALL/RAINDAYS FIGURES (mm) 2008/2009/2010

Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Average rainfall

2008

4 36 105 117 171 178 134 133 98 134 43 55
Average rainfall

2009

6 57 114 94 130 168 108 41 71 119 55 25
Average rainfall

2010

32 53 95 122 108 156 102 82 147 147 72 24
Average No of rain days 2008 1 4 9 9 13 13 14 12 12 13 6 5
Average No of rain days 2009 1 6 9 8 8 12 10 10 9 11 6 4
Average No of rain days 2010 3 5 7 10 10 12 8 9 15 13 8 3

HUMIDITY: Fairly moderate between 65-95%

TEMPERATURE: 22-330 C

TOPOGRAPHY:      It is generally undulating with large stretches of flat land in the Afram Plains.

RELIEF:                    Highlands include Kwahu scarps (77.8m), Atiwa- Atweredu Range (720m) and Akuapem Range (450m).

MAJOR RIVERS & LAKE: Afram, Densu, Pra, Birim and Volta Lake.

MAJOR SOIL TYPES

The main soil type in all the districts, except Kwahu North (Afram Plains) is forest ochrosol and lithosol.  Savanna ochrosol occurs mainly in Kwahu North and parts of Yilo-Krobo, Manya and Asuogyaman districts with patches of forest rubisol in the New Juaben and East Akim districts.

VEGETATION: Three main vegetation zones:-

(a)   Semi-deciduous rain forest covering the southern and central portions of the

Region;

(b)  Transitional savanna zone covering the northern parts behind the Kwahu

Scarp and;

(c)   Coastal savanna covering the Eastern fringes behind the Akwapim Range.

Table:  Forest Reserves

DISTRICT LOCATION OF FOREST RESERVE
Birim South Pra Annan, Essen Epam, Esuboni and Oboyaw
Kwaebibirem Esuensa, Aiyaola, Bediako, Mamang, Kajease
Atiwa Atiwa Range
Kwahu North Worobong South
Kwahu South Worobong South
Akwapim South Spawsu
Manya Krobo  and Yilo Yongwa
Asuogyaman Yogaga and Aboben Hill

 

LAND USE

TENURE SYSTEM: Stool, family ownership, lease hold and share cropping (Abunu & Abusa).

AGRICULTURAL LAND USE

Percentage distribution of size of farm holdings:

Less than 1.2ha           –           77%

1.2ha to 2ha                –           16%

more than 2ha             –             7%

AVERAGE FARM SIZE FOR VARIOUS CROPS

The average farm sizes for selected staple crops:

Maize              –           2.5 hectares

Yam                –           2.5    “

Groundnut      –           1.2    “

FARMING SYSTEM

Land rotation, sole cropping, inter-cropping, mixed cropping and mixed farming are practiced in the Region.

Shifting cultivation: – one year cropping and 2 to 3 years fallow period or crop rotation.

Intensive land use with high rate of both inorganic or organic fertilizers and backyard farming.

ANIMAL FARMING

(a)        Poultry                        –           Intensive and free range

(b)        Livestock        –           Free range and semi-intensive

ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE

Six (6) municipal and 15 district assemblies. The region is politically headed by the Regional Minister who is assisted by a Deputy, Municipal and District chief executives.

Administratively the offices are headed by Regional, Municipal and District Coordinators.

The Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) has offices in all the districts and municipalities headed by Directors.

RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS

There are five (5) research institutions. These are Oil Palm Research Institute   (OPRI), Kusi,

Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG), Tafo, University of Ghana Research station, Kpong, Plant Genetic Resource Research Institute (PGRRI), Bunso, and University of Ghana Research Institute, Okumanin.

NGOs OPERATING IN THE REGION

There are numerous NGOs in the region but the prominent ones include: World Vision International (WVI), Adventist Relief Agency (ADRA), and ACDI VOCI, Voluntary Service Organisation (VSO), Hunger Project, Heifer International, Advance and KROBODAN.

Table: Technical Staff strength of MOFA in Eastern Region (2010)

CLASS M F TOTAL % FEMALE
Technical staff (AEAs) 355 39 395 9.9
Sub-Professional. Staff 61 10 71 14.1
Professional. Staff 100 25 125 20.0
TOTAL 516 74 591 12.5

 


Table:  BASIC AGRICULTURAL STATIS TICS-2010, EASTERN REGION

DISTRICTS % FARMING INTENSITY TOTAL              NO. OF   HOUSE HOLDS PERCENTAGE OF HOUSEHOLD HEADS TOTAL FARM HOUSE HOLDS HOUSE HOLD SIZE HOLDERS  LISTED TOTAL No. OF HOLDERS IN VARIOUS AGE GROUPS
MALE FEMALE TOTAL MEAN ≥19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+
TOTAL MALE FEMALE TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL
New Juaben 66 16,970 79.3 20.7 11,240 67,880 4 15,522 11,704 3,818 310 3,584 4,292 4,349 2,036 951
Fanteakwa 100 11,072 85 15 11,072 44,288 4 24,003 13,472 10,531 670 4,801 5,687 6,098 4,044 2,703
East Akim 81.6 14,517 70 30 11,848 58,068 4 19,530 13,194 6,336 629 3,212 4,405 4,600 3,147 3,537
Atiwa 90.9 10,375 80.5 19.5 9,429 53,220 5 19,024 10,674 8,350 349 3,768 4,432 4,366 3,154 2,922
Kwahu West 72.8 16354 58.8 41.2 11900 70023 4 11,968 7,514 4,454 17 765 2,006 3,176 2,380 3,604
Kwahu South 90.3 27612 59.9 40.1 24941 120344 4 32806 19,674 13,132 515 6,003 7,816 7,448 6,419 5,121
Kwahu North (Afram Plains) 81 11909 78.4 21.6 9638 52910 4 15,267 8,848 6,419 198 2,884 4,701 4,088 3,279 119
Suhum .K. Coaltar 90 26,288 66 34 23,986 131,440 5 34,428 19,562 14,866 661 5,198 7,980 8,801 5,996 5,791
West Akim 86 24,783 78.2 21.8 21,313 123,915 5 28,266 19,164 9,102 298 4,898 6,003 6,742 5,749 4,576
Kwaebibirem 90 19,917 84 16 18,156 119,502 6 27,454 19,011 8,443 414 3,911 7,718 6,605 4,947 3,859
Birim South/ Central 93.1 28,308 64.9 35.1 26,365 100,869 4 36,951 19,340 17,611 67 5,059 9,950 8,643 6,499 6,734
Birim North 96 18,691 79 21 17,952 74,765 4 33,792 18,929 14,863 713 6,019 8,686 8,290 5,148 4,937
Akuapem South 91.2 19,522 72.4 27.6 17,797 88,612 5 22,236 15,602 6,634 294 2,999 6,076 5,998 4,292 3,567
Akuapem North 98.9 18,674 76.5 23.5 18,462 76,235 4 33,458 18,357 15,101 669 5,667 8,114 7,656 6,072 5,192
Yilo Krobo 76.7 18,589 80.7 19.3 14,265 77104 4 22,090 14,100 7,990 940 4,771 4,935 4,818 2,985 3,643
Manya Krobo 64.2 21646 74.7 25.3 13889 93224 4 24,797 14,465 10,332 0 2,473 7,114 5,657 5,047 4,133
Asuogyaman 90 8713 65.6 34.4 7850 43565 5 14,125 8,838 5,287 193 1,638 3,738 4,213 2,075 1,538
Total 1458.7 313,940 1254 446.1 270,103 1,395,964 75 415,717 252,448 163,269 6937 67,650 103,653 101,548 73,269 62,927
Average 85.80588 18467.1 73.76 26.241 15888.4 82115.53 4.412 24453.9 14850 9604.1 408.1 3979.4 6097.2 5973.4 4310 3702

Source: SRID MRACLS, 2010

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