DEMOGRAPHICS, WEATHER, LAND USE
The Greater Accra region is the smallest region in terms of landmass covering a total surface area of 4,450km.sq. It is centrally located within the coastal belt of Ghana and shares boundaries with the Eastern Region to the north, Central region to the west and Volta Region to the east. To the south of the region lies the Gulf of Guinea which span 220km coastline stretching from Langma near Kasoa in the west to Ada in the east.
The region is divided into 10 Assemblies namely: Accra Metropolitan Assembly, Tema Metropolitan Assembly, Ga West Municipal Assembly, Ga East Municipal Assembly, Ga South Municipal Assembly, Adentan Municipal Assembly, Ashaiman Municipal Assembly, Ledzokuku-Krowoh Municipal Assembly, Dangme East district Assembly and Dangme West district Assembly.
Rainfall pattern is bi-modal – major and the minor seasons. The major season: April to July. The minor season: August to October. The average annual rainfall is between 800mm on the coast to about 1270mm. Rainfall is usually characterized by thick cloudy conditions and high intensive storms. This situation always causes flooding of the valley bottoms. The coastal wet lands also get flooded as a result of the occasional opening of the Weija dam when it is full. This affects crop production.
The annual average temperature ranges between 25.1ºC in August and 28.4ºC in February and March which are the hottest months. Relative humidity is about 75%. Average duration figures are about 94% and 69% at 6:00 and 15:00 respectively.
Soils are sandy and clayey loams. Alluvia soils are found at the valley bottoms and the estuary.
The main agricultural activities are livestock and poultry production, fishing, and production of maize, cassava, vegetables notably pepper, okro, garden eggs, cabbage, tomatoes, Asian vegetables, fruits such as, pineapple, water melon, pawpaw and tree crops such as mango.
THE MAIN AREAS OF SPECIALITY
The region has four main areas of specialty with respect to its operations. These are crops (cereals, root and tubers, vegetables, tree crops etc), livestock (small ruminants, local and exotic poultry, pigs, cattle etc), fisheries (tilapia, cat/mad fish etc) and alternative livelihood (rabbit, grasscutter, bee keeping, mushroom, etc).