Country Assistance Strategy
The World Bank’s Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) articulates our strategy for support to the agricultural sector over the period 2008 – 2011 and is anchored in the Ghana Joint Assistance Strategy (G-JAS). (The G-JAS is the coordinated strategy to which 16 bilateral and multilateral development partners [DPs] have committed themselves over this period.) CAS objectives are (i) to sustain economic growth at 6% or more; (ii) to surpass the MDG of halving poverty during the CAS period; and (iii) to reduce inequalities. Agriculture plays a key role in all three objectives.
Current and future projects
World Bank support to sustainable agricultural growth will utilize a range of instruments:
- The agriculture development policy operation (AgDPO) provides budget support in support of a defined set of policy reforms essential for the implementation of the Medium Term Agriculture Sector Investment Plan (METASIP). The third AgDPO for $57m, which is the first in a new series of three, was approved in May 2011. The fourth and fifth in the series are programmed for 2012 and 2013 for $50 million each.
- The West Africa Agricultural Productivity Project (WAAPP) promotes regional cooperation in agricultural technology generation and dissemination and joins Ghana (with a national focus on roots and tubers) with Mali (rice), Senegal (cereals), and many other West African countries with their individual areas of technology.
- The second phase of the Land Administration Project (LAP2) continues to improve land tenure security, simplifying the process of accessing land and fostering prudent land management.
- A West Africa Regional Fisheries Projects, with a dedicated Ghana component, is one of 12 participating countries, seeks to increase overall wealth generated from marine fisheries resources.
- A Productive Safety Nets operation focused in the North of Ghana aims to reduce vulnerability and protect key household assets.
The Bank also has a number of operations under preparation:
- The upcoming Commercial Agriculture Project will support agricultural investors and rural communities in establishing sustainable and equitable outgrower schemes and other agribusiness arrangements. The project will focus on access to land, private sector finance, input- and output markets, public investments in infrastructure, and public private partnerships in commercial agriculture in the Accra Plains and SADA zone.
- A Water Resource Management and Irrigation operation also focused on flood-prone areas in the North of Ghana will support improved water resource management, sustainable land management, and flood control and irrigation infrastructure for commercial farming.
The priority issues for the World Bank are:
- Finalization of the preparation of the Commercial Agriculture Project, due for Board approval in December 2011.
- Finalization of the AgDPO4 program document including an assessment of the progress against sector objectives and specific prior actions.
- MoFA’s follow up to the 2011 Joint Sector Review recommendations.
- Progress in improved budgeting and planning, including agreeing a definition of agriculture sector expenditure in order to monitor the Maputo Commitment, using the assistance made available by NEPAD (as per Government’s MDBS commitments).