The Government of Ghana is seeking financial assistance from the World Bank to finance the preparation of the GCAP – Ghana Commercial Agriculture Project. The project preparation is under the overall responsibility of MoFA. The development objective of GCAP is to improve the investment climate for agri-business and establish inclusive Private Public Partnerships (PPPs) and smallholder linkages aimed at increasing on-farm productivity and value addition in selected value chains.
The proposed project would have two components, with the first being focused on improving the overall investment climate for agricultural development in Ghana, and the second more directly targeting private sector led agricultural investment involving smallholder farmers through PPP arrangements in both the Accra plains and the Northern regions (SADA).
The World Bank safeguard policy on Pest Management (OP 4.09) has been triggered and as a result, MoFA is required to prepare Pest Management Plan1 as a standalone document.
The objective of the Pest Management Plan is to:
• Promote the use of environmentally friendly practices (hygienic, cultural, biological or natural control mechanisms and the judicious use of chemicals) in pest control;
• Effectively monitor pesticide use and pest issues amongst participating farmers;
• Provide for implementation of an IPM action plan in the event that serious pest management issues are encountered, and/or the introduction of technologies is seen to lead to a significant decrease in the application of pesticides;
• Assess the capacity of the country’s regulatory framework and institutions to promote and support safe, effective, socially and environmentally sound pest management and to provide for appropriate institutional capacity support recommendations;
• Ensure compliance with regional standards, laws and regulations;
• Ensure compliance with World Bank safeguard policy OP 4.09; and
• Ensure compliance with USAID requirements on pesticides procedures.
Policy and Regulatory Framework
The major policy and regulatory framework include:
• Food and Agriculture Sector Development Policy (FASDEP)
• Ghana ’s Medium Term Agriculture Sector Investment Plan (METASIP)
• National Irrigation Policy, Strategies and Regulatory Measures, June 2010
• Guidelines for the National Plant Protection Policy, June 2004
• National Land Policy
National Water Policy, June 2007
• National Environment Policy
• Environmental Protection Agency Act, 1994, Act 490
• Environmental Assessment Regulations, 1999, LI 1652 and its Amendment
• Plants and Fertilizer Act, 2010, Act 803
• Water Resources Commission Act, 1996, Act 522
• Food and Drugs Act 1992, PNDCL 3058
• Irrigation Development Authority Act, 1977, SMCD 85
• World Bank Safeguard Policy on Pest Management, OP 4.09
• USAID Requirements on Pesticide Management
Challenges and Potential Impact of GCAP
The impacts and challenges identified include:
• Lack of IPM sustenance measures even though national pest control strategy is IPM;
• Likely pollution of water resources and aquatic life from pesticide usage;
• Public health concerns from water-borne and water-related diseases such as malaria and bilharzia cases under irrigation projects that can trigger the use of pesticides in controlling their vectors;
• Mycotoxin poisoning from poor maize drying;
• Poisoning from improper use of pesticides by farmers and farm assistants;
• Impact from improper disposal of pesticide containers;
• Large scale production losses from fruit fly and armyworm outbreaks;
• Production losses from threats from other crop pests and diseases;
• Abuses associated with pesticide supply and sales; and
• General health and safety of farmers and environmental hazards.
The action plans are provided in the table below.
Programme to meet PMP requirements
GCAP will adopt the following programmes and strategies to achieve an effective pest and pesticide management process:
• Formation of a Safeguard Team
• Registration and training of all interested pesticide distributors/resellers under the Project
• PMP Communication and IPM/PMP Orientation Workshop
• Education and awareness creation
• Pests Inventory and Monitoring Measures
• Stakeholder and Interest Group consultation and Involvement
• Prevention of new Pest Infestations and management of established Pests
• IPM Capacity Building
• Institutional Arrangements and Training Responsibilities
• Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation
• Ensuring Sustainability
• Annual Reporting and Management Reviews
An annual estimated cost of USD106,000 is required for the implementation of the PMP.