Location and Physical Characteristics
Adansi North district is one of the districts in the Ashanti Region. It has its capital at Fomena along the Kumasi –Cape Coast main road. It lies between longitude 1.5 degree west, latitude 6.3 degree north.
The district is bounded to the south by the Adansi South District, to the North-East by the Amansie East, to the south-West by Obuasi Municipal and to the West by Amansie Central District.
The district has a total land area of 1140sqkm representing 4.67% of the total land cover of the Ashanti Region with 94 communities, 35 electoral areas, 7 area council and 2 constituencies (Fomena constituency and Asokwa constituency).
The total population of the district is 76,000 with 36,936 males and 39,064 females (based on the 2000 census).
LAND USE, VEGETATION, SOIL AND CLIMATE
Land use: Lands are owned by the chiefs and people in the district. The average farm size per a holder is 1 hectare. The land is either used for crops, livestock and building construction.
Land acquisition for agricultural purposes can be done by:
- Outright purchase
- Abunu: for plantation crops
- Abusa: for food crops
Vegetation: Semi-deciduous forest.
Soil: Forest Ochrosols.
Climate: Semi-equatorial climate with average temperature ranging from 26oC-30oC. Rainfall pattern of the district is bi-modal that is it has two rainfall regimes in the year with annual total rainfall of 1250mm-1750mm.
Most farmers in the district engaged in farming practices such as mixed cropping, mono cropping and mixed farming. Major crops grown are maize, plantain, cassava, cocoyam, yam and rice. Cabbage, pepper, tomatoes, okra and garden eggs are some of the vegetables grown. The main cash crops in the district are Cocoa and oil palm.
The table below shows the major crops performance in the district in 2008 and 2009.
Table 1.0 Major crop performance
|Commodity||Cultivated Area (ha)||Yield (mt/ha)||Production (mt)|
Source: SRID, MOFA.
The livestock/Poultry set-up in the Adansi north district is increasing rapidly due to the education of MoFA staff to farmers. The district has the potential for all types of livestock/poultry. The district has not encountered any outbreak of the notifiable diseases of the country.
Kanyiti farm located at Kyekyewere community in the district has fifty-three thousand (53,000) layers, fifteen (15) cattle and fifty (50) turkeys.
The farm has standard feed and drinking facilities in addition to a feed mill.
Below is a summary of the livestock and poultry holdings in the district.
Table 2.0 Livestock/Poultry census.