Sekyere East
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DISTRICT AGRICULTURE PROFILE

DISTRICT SIZE:                                                                         730.05 SQKM

TOTAL POPULATION:                                                             85, 365

AGRICULTURE POPULATION:                                            51,000

DISTRICT MAP                                     (map not ready for the district because of disputed boundaries)

DISTRICT: SEKYERE EAST

The Sekyere East District is one of the districts in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. It has Effiduase as the district capital. Located in the North Eastern part of the region, the district lies approximately between latitude 6°45″-7°32″North and longitude 0°22″West.The district shares boundaries with other districts. It shares boundaries on the North-East with Sekyere-Afram plains districts, Sekyere South to the West-West, Asante Akim North to the South-East and Ejisu-Juabeng to the South-West.

SIZE OF THE DISTRICT

SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION

The district covers an estimated area of about 730.5km2 and has forty-one settlements of varying sizes.

AGRIC POPULATION BY GENDER

The DMTDP 2006-2009 indicates that the composition of male and female in the population is 50.7% and 49.3% respectively, with an estimated 2008 population of the district at 85,365.The total number of males to females in the population is 39,349 and 38,264 respectively. Over 50% of the district’s population lives in the twin Town Councils of Effiduasi and Asokore with a combined total population of 43,326(56%).

PRINCIPAL NATURAL RESOURCES

1. Rivers and streams
2. Forest reserves
3. Game and wild reserves
4. Vast flat river basin
5. Undulating landscape
6. Vast arable land

ETHNIC GROUPS

TABLE 1: THE VARIOUS ETHNIC GROUPS IN THE DISTRICTS.

NO MAJORITY FESTIVAL TABOOS
1 Effiduasi Adamauesi
2 Asokore Kwasidae,Ewukudae
MINORITY FESTIVAL TABOOS
1 Sisala
2 Dagarti
3 Dagomba
4 Mamprusi
5 Mossi
6 Kokomba
7 Ewe
8 Chikosi

MAJOR STAKEHOLDERS IN AGRIC

The following are the major stakeholders involved in agriculture in the district:

  • NGO’S   (World Vision International)
  • Department Of Co operatives
  • National Disaster Management Organisation
  • Fire service
  • Forestry Commission
  • Ghana Education Service
  • District Assembly
  • Traditional councils
  • Millennium Development Authority
  • Ghana Health Service
  • Information Services Department
  1. AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE

The average household size is five.

GENDER ROLES IN THE DISTRICT

MALE

  • Head of household
  • Title of land
  • Own capital assets
  • Bread winners

FEMALE

  • Line of succession
  • Own land
  • Engaged in household activities ( upkeep of house, nutrition etc)
  • Processors
  • Trading

TABLE 2: LAND USE (SPECIFIC TO AGRICULTURE)

LAND USE HECTARES %
Total land area 73,050 100
Agric land area 47,482.5 65
Area under cultivation 14,610 20
Total area under irrigation 0 0
Area under inland waters 5,844 8
OTHERS
Forest  reserves 3,652.5 5
Woodland 0 0
Settlement 730.5 1
Marginal 730.5 1

TABLE 3: LAND USE (GENERAL)

LAND USE HECTARES % 0F TOTAL
Bush fallow and others 634.7 40
Unimproved pasture 0 0
Forest reserves 141.1 10
Tree crops 84.6 5
Annual crop 564.2 36
Wild  life reserves 75.05 4.5
Unreserved forest 75.05 4.5
TOTAL 1574.7 100

AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES

  • Semi-deciduous

RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION

Major Minor

April                                                                               August

CLIMATE (ANNUAL T° DISTRIBUTION)

Highest= 36°

Lowest=21°

VEGETATION

VEGETATIONAL ZONE                                            100%

  • Forest                                                                     60%
  • Food crop                                                        40%

SOIL TYPES

  • Forest ochrosols

FARMING SYSTEM

The major farming systems in the district are:

  • Mixed farming / cropping
  • Mono cropping – Plantation crops

LAND TENURE SYSTEM

Abunu (share cropping)

Abusaa (share cropping)

Lease system

AGRICULTURAL VALUE

The upland deep to moderately deep concretionary to free soils are suitable for plantain, cocoyam, cassava, maize, legumes and vegetables. Plantation crops like oil palm, cocoa, coffee, citrus and pear also do well on these soils.

FARM POPULATION PER HOUSEHOLD:

  • Five (5)

LABOUR FORCE IN THE DISTRICT

  • 20% of the population are  involved in the labour force in the district

LABOUR DISTRIBUTION IN THE DISTRICT

  • Dense down south

ECONOMICALLY ACTIVE POPULATION

  • 18-49 years

PRINCIPAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE

The under listed are the principal agricultural produce in the district:

  • Tree crops (cocoa, citrus)
  • Industrial crops (oil palm)
  • Root and tubers (yam, cassava, cocoyam, taro)
  • Cereals (maize, rice)
  • Fruits and vegetables (pear, banana,  mango, tomatoes, garden eggs, onions, pepper, okra)
  • Legumes (groundnut, cowpea, soybean)
  • Plantain

MAIN ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

The main economic activities in district are as follows:

  • Farming
  • Trading in farm produce

MAIN AGRIBUSINESS ACTIVITIES

  • Cassava and oil palm processing
  • Palm kernel processing
  • Rice processing

TYPES OF FARM INPUTS BEING USED

The following are the farming inputs used:

  • Hoe
  • Cutlass
  • Fertilizer
  • Pesticide / weedicide
  • Spraying machine

NON-AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES/OFF –SEASON ACTIVITIES

  • Charcoal production
  • Basketry weaving
  • Palm wine tapping and distillation of local wine

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

  • Agro processing
  • Storage facilities
  • Road construction
  • Irrigation facilities
  • Marketing
  • Eco-Tourism

TABLE 4: TECHNOLOGY DISSEMINATION

NO. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1 Maize preservation 2332 2365 2402 2442 2486 2690
2 Cowpea preservation 1422 1194 1214 1235 1259 310
3 Narrow Crib construction 1290 1134 1147 1162 1178 1213
4 Soybean utilization 1379 1175 1192 1211 1232 1278
5 Approved Insecticide application 3371 1553 1708 1879 2065 2468
6 Timely harvesting 1510 655 678 703 1150 1475
7 No-till technology 3358 2625 2688 2756 2832 3094
8 Timely weed control 1945 1435 1478 1526 1579 1792
9 Record keeping 225 254 254 256 299 369
10 Improved seed use 2434 2200 2240 2242 2266 2417
11 Land preparation 2530 2725 2810 2937 3021 3320
12 Correct grass control 1634 1292 1321 1353 1388 1564
13 Row planting 2816 2898 2988 3086 3195 3527
14 Correct plant density per area 2803 2370 2407 2447 2492 2688
15 Spraying techniques 1936 1431 1474 1521 1992 2285
16 Correct spacing 2821 2379 2416 2457 2503 2701
17 Correct fertilizer application 1559 1615 1676 1744 1818 2078
18 Group formation and development 98 101 111 123 135 191

TABLE 5I CODAPEC PERFORMANCE FROM 2006-2010

PROGRAMMED CAPSID
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
NO. of Gangs 61 63 65 67 69
NO. of sprayers engaged 427 441 455 469 487
NO. of farmers covered 6,632 6,912 6,941 7,018 7042
NO. of Farms covered 7,012 7,479 7,503 7,577 7621
Hectarage covered 29,989 30,680 30,889 30,913 30997

TABLE 5II

PROGRAMMED BLACK POD
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
NO. of Gangs 5 5 6 7 8
NO. of sprayers engaged 55 55 66 77 88
NO. of farmers covered 464 654 900 1,007 1785
NO. of Farms covered 477 743 1,012 1,128 1792
Hectarage covered 1,815 2,387 3,170 3,530 6761

TABLE 6: PRODUCTION LEVELS OF SELECTED CROPS    (FIGURE IN METRIC TONES)

CROPS
YEAR MAIZE RICE CASSAVA YAM COCOYAM PLANTAIN
2006 8806 60 42155 35 18149 16177
2007 10187 65 44370 92 18964 1615
2008 11950 72 46807 71 19860 17475
2009 11791 95 49487 98 20846 18222
2010 12426 108 51028 74 22103 23141
TOTAL PRODUCTION 55160 400 233847 370 99922 76630

TABLE 7: AREA PLANTED TO SELECTED CROPS (HA)

YEAR CROPS ( HEC)
MAIZE RICE CASSAVA YAM COCO

YAM

PLANTAIN COW

PEA

GROUND

NUT

2006 1862 80 2472 15 1936 1442 14 13
2007 2221 80 2619 12 1030 1486 21 31
2008 2510 84 2792 16 1133 1535 31 173
2009 2898 86 3959 23 1846 1588 43 207
2010 2900 91 3964 20 1913 1723 46 218
TOTAL 12391 421 15806 86 7858 7774 155 642

TABLE 8: PRODUCTION OF INDUSTRIAL CROPS (HA)

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Citrus 138 207 259 362 374
Oil palm 155 162 259 449 479

LIVESTOCK SUB-SECTOR

TABLE 9 LIVESTOCK POPULATION (THOUSANDS)

TYPES OF LIVESTOCK 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Cattle 800 960 540 700 542
Poultry 14500 11600 14500 16240 16754
Sheep 16000 18200 18800 19000 19873
Goats 19200 24000 28000 31000 32100
Pigs 101 240 210 262 256
Grasscutter 80 96 135 160 295
Snails 580 870 1450 1740 1798
Rabbits 180 254 270 306 328

TABLE 10 SPECIAL PROGRAMMES /PROJECTS

PROGRAMME ACTIVITY
MIDA Sensitized and trained 39 FBO’s (1950 farmers)

Transformation of Agric: Financial assistance

Technology transfer

FBO strengthening                                  .                                            and sustenance

CODAPEC Cocoa mass spraying
Cocoa hi-tech Subsidized cocoa fertilizers
RTIMP Roots and tubers planting material distribution, improving processing and marketing.
Cockerel Project Distribution of 520 cockerels  to 20 beneficiary farmers
Block farm 18.8 ha of grain maize was produced

FARMER BASED ORGANIZATION (FBO’s)

The district can boast of more than 120 FBO’s.  These FBO’s fall under various sub-sectors within agriculture.

i Food crop production

ii Livestock production

iii Marketing

iv Processing

v Nursery production

About 70% of these FBO’s are cohesive.  Due to millennium Development Authority intervention in providing business, technical and hand holding training to 39 FBO’s in the District. All FBO’s have received starter pack worth inputs for one acre maize and protective clothing.

TABLE 11: EXTENSION ACTIVITIES

NO EXTENSION 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
1 Farm visit 3212 1479 1627 1788 2141 3558
2 Farmers visited 16650 7665 8432 9274 14500 32000
3 Farmers trained 12731 5861 6447 7091 7936 10750
4 Field day held 683 314 346 280 419 450
5 Group farms benefiting from demonstration 165 182 200 220 242 389
6 Group members attending field days 1595 1754 1931 2123 2336 3551

TABLE 12: CONSUMPTION OF MAJOR CROPS (PERCENTAGE)

CROPS 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Cowpea 41 48 48 53 54
Cassava 85 89 92 93 95
Rice 89 89 90 92 96
Yam 49 53 62 77 79
Cocoyam 59 67 76 77 79
Plantain 80 82 82 83 84
Groundnuts 23 24 26 27 27
Soya bean 8 12 13 15 17
Maize 90 92 93 94 96

FERTILIZER SUBSIDY PROGRAMME

REGISTERED AGENTS IN THE DISTRICT

1. Akwasi Appau (Adom Agro Chemicals, Effiduase)

2. Mr. Asante (Asante Agro Chemicals, Effiduase)

3. Diana Adomako (Diana Stores, Effiduase)

4. Margaret Duah (Tweneboa Agro Chemicals, Effiduase)

TOTAL NUMBER OF FERTILIZER SUPPLIED IN THE YEAR 2010

NPK 15:15:15                          50

N.P.K 16:15:15                       875

N.P.K 23:10                             40

SOA                                           420

UREA                                         82

42.3 IMPORTERS

Chemico

Golden Stock

Affcoft

Dizengoff

NEW INITIATIVES

TABLE 13 LOCAL FOOD PROMOTIONS FOR THE YEAR 2010

ACTIVITY NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES
Processing and utilization of soya into local foods 790
Soya maize grits, dough and flour and its utilization into snacks and breakfast 247
Other cowpea utilization 148
Use of local green leaves in salad preparation 47

TABLE 14 LOCAL FOOD PROCESSING FOR THE YEAR 2010

DISHES PREPARED NUMBER OF BENEFICIARIES
Aprapransa and mpotompoto 570
Soya fufu and vegetable soup 388
Cowpea utilization 189