Livestock Subsector (AS)

 

Livestock Subsector

Livestock and Poultry Production

Livestock forms an integral part of the farming system in the region. About 90% of crop farmers keep livestock either on large scale or subsistence level. Types of animals reared in the region include pigs, small ruminants, cattle and poultry. Commercial livestock farming in the region are located around the urban and peri-urban settings. Ashanti region leads in poultry production in the country and can boast of large scale farms such as Akate Farms, Topman, Asamoa-Yamoah, Animkora Farms, e.t.c.

Commercial ruminant livestock farmers in the urban and peri-urban settings of the region are now into zero grazing (cut and feed) with average herd sizes of about hundred (100) animals. The Ministry of Food and Agriculture has improved upon the local Djalonke breed. At present the local Djalonke has improved from 12kg to 22kg year weight.

Table.  Livestock/Poultry Population (Heads, 2010)

TYPE OF ANIMAL POPULATION REMARKS(% of national total)
Cattle 50,668 5.3%
Sheep 340,073 9.9%
Goats 194,125 7.9%
Pigs 29019 8.3%
Poultry 10,017,756 29.62%
Layers 7,665,968
Broilers 1054066
Cockerels 486,594
Ducks 45542
Turkeys 17,752
Local birds 747,834

Source: Veterinary Services, MoFA

Estimated livestock population figures were projections based on 1997 livestock census.

The region has a large raw material base including maize and soya beans, especially from Ejura area to feed the poultry industry, in 2010 the region accounted for 29.6% of the total poultry production in the country. Currently, the region has the largest number of poultry industry/farms in the country. These include Akate Farms, Mfum Farms, Asamoah Yamoah Farms, Asare Farms, etc. the region is also the home of large poultry feedmills including Agricare Limited.

Veterinary Activities

The region has a total of 11 Veterinary surgeons. The distribution of the veterinary surgeons is 5 at the regional office and 6 in the districts (KMA, Mampong, Sekyere East, Ejisu-Juaben, Asante Akim North and Obuasi). The rest of the 21 districts are supervised by Sub-professional staff and Technicians.

Only five out of the twenty seven districts have properly designated clinics which are even inadequately equipped. The five newly created districts are in the process of acquiring offices for veterinary staff. The region has a Laboratory  and Epidemiology Units.

Surveillance of poultry and piggeries diseases in the region is still ongoing in the aftermath of the African swine fever outbreak.

Poultry farmers in the region continue to complain about vaccination failures and proliferation of vaccines from neighbouring countries.

Table 16.  Inspection of Local Slaughters (2006 -2010)

YEAR Cattle Sheep Goats Pigs Others
2006 74,829 27,850 30,459 2,590 337
2007 86,492 53,715 57,430 3,541
2008 87,213 20,808 35,333 5,614
2009 85,301 21,974 28,991 5,401
2010 97,768 27,246 32,559 5,701 0

Source: Veterinary Services, MoFA

Most of the animals slaughtered in the region were imported from neighboring countries which include Burkina Faso and Mali. The slaughter numbers captured included only those slaughtered at formal slaughter houses and slabs.

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