The EU-GAP with total funding of €147million is being implemented over a period of 7 years (2017 – 2024) in 14 districts; 11 in the Upper West Region, 2 districts in North East Region and 1 in Savannah Region. The objective of the Programme is to provide critical infrastructural investments and strengthen integrated business models along selected value chains to stimulate inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The components of the Programme, budget and status of implementation has been presented as follows.
Project Development Goal and Objectives
The Savannah Investment Program (SIP) is designed within the context of the Ghana Medium-Term Development Framework (2018-2021), the Coordinated Program of Economic and Social Development Policies (2017-2024) and Agenda for Jobs: Creating Prosperity and Opportunity for All (2018-2021), that seeks to transform Ghana’s economy and society. SIP became effective February, 2020 and will be implemented for five years (2020-2025).
The overall goal of the project is to reduce importation of meat through increased commercial broiler production, enhance competitiveness of the poultry industry and contribute to improved nutrition security. The project is expected to contribute to breed improvement of small ruminants under Government’s Rearing for Food and Jobs. This would be achieved through increased private sector investment, improved productivity and production of maize, soybean, poultry and small ruminants (goats, sheep and local chicken). At least 20,000 Ha of maize and soybean is expected to be put under cultivation by the project.
The Ghana Agricultural Sector Investment Programme (GASIP) is a private sector-led value chains programme with a demand and market driven approach in its implementation. GASIP is MOFA’s main programme designed to provide the framework and institutional basis for long-term engagement and supplementary financing for scaling investments in value chains in Ghana. It is currently being funded by IFAD and the GOG. GASIP is nationwide with its National Project Office based in Accra with 2 Zonal offices in Kumasi and Accra.
The Food and Agricultural Sector Development Policy (FASDEP) of Ghana, which guides development and interventions in the agriculture sector, lists the following as constraints bedevilling the sector:
- Gender inequality and discrimination against women
- Inadequate road infrastructure
- Limiting market access
- Lack of long-term credit
- Unavailability of high-yielding planting material, poor agronomic practices, and cultivation of smallholdings.
PROGRAMME POLICY, STRATEGY AND SUSTAINABILITY
Within the developing agenda of Ghana, agriculture is identified as one of the economic pillars. The nexus/connection between agriculture development and Ghana’s ability to achieve its food and nutrition security goals are inextricably linked.
Agriculture is important to the development of any nation, Ghana being no exception. Development must include the youth and therefore the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MOFA) seeks to encourage their participation in the agricultural sector. This effort seeks to change the negative perception the youth have of participation in agriculture, (farmers) as uneducated, unskilled, physical labourers with extremely low economic return. Modern agriculture is more than tilling the soil and animals. The sector today offers career opportunities in research, environment, financial management, engineering and other technical areas for the youth to explore.