The Government of Ghana (GoG) through the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) in collaboration with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) intend to participate in the second phase of the West Africa Food System Resilience Programme (FSRP2) under the World Bank Multi-Phase Programmatic Approach (MPA) to strengthen regional food system risk management, improve the sustainability of the productive base in targeted areas and to develop regional agricultural markets. The FSRP2 will contribute to enhancing the capacity of vulnerable households, families, communities, and food systems within the country to face uncertainty and the risk of shocks; to withstand and respond effectively to shocks; as well as to recover and adapt in a sustainable manner.
The Program includes three regional institutions: Economic Commission of West African States (ECOWAS), The Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS), and the West and Central African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF). Phase 1 of FSRP countries include Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Togo. Phase 2 countries include Chad, Ghana, and Sierra Leone. The Program is expected to end December 2030. Ghana will implement the program for 5 years (expected end date December 2026) with a financing envelope of US$100 Million.
Implementation of FSRP2 is particularly important for Ghana’s food and nutrition security situation due to the uncertainty of the nature and severity of Covid-19 impacts across the agricultural value chain.
Overview of FSRP2 Components
The proposed programme would have five (5) components:
Component 1: Digital Advisory Services for Agriculture and Food Crisis Prevention & Management
- Sub-Component 1.1 Upgrading Food Crisis Prevention and Monitoring Systems
- Sub-Component 1.2 Strengthening Creation and Provision of Digital Advisory Services for Farmers
Component 2: Sustainability & Adaptive Capacity of the Food System’s Productive Base
- Sub-Component 2.1: Adapting/Adopting Innovations and Technologies for Resilient Food Systems
- Sub-Component 2.2: Strengthen Food Security Through Sustainable Practices in Targeted Areas
Component 3: Market Integration and Trade
- Sub-component 3.1: Facilitate Trade Across Key Corridors and Consolidate Food Reserve System
- Sub-component 3.2: Support to Development of Strategic Value chains
Component 4: Contingent Emergency Response Component
Component 5: Project Management
The following are frameworks, plans and procedures under the West Africa Food System Resilience Programme (FSRP2) – Phase 2:
The EU-GAP with total funding of €147million is being implemented over a period of 7 years (2017 – 2024) in 14 districts; 11 in the Upper West Region, 2 districts in North East Region and 1 in Savannah Region. The objective of the Programme is to provide critical infrastructural investments and strengthen integrated business models along selected value chains to stimulate inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The components of the Programme, budget and status of implementation has been presented as follows.
Project Development Goal and Objectives
The Savannah Investment Program (SIP) is designed within the context of the Ghana Medium-Term Development Framework (2018-2021), the Coordinated Program of Economic and Social Development Policies (2017-2024) and Agenda for Jobs: Creating Prosperity and Opportunity for All (2018-2021), that seeks to transform Ghana’s economy and society. SIP became effective February, 2020 and will be implemented for five years (2020-2025).
The overall goal of the project is to reduce importation of meat through increased commercial broiler production, enhance competitiveness of the poultry industry and contribute to improved nutrition security. The project is expected to contribute to breed improvement of small ruminants under Government’s Rearing for Food and Jobs. This would be achieved through increased private sector investment, improved productivity and production of maize, soybean, poultry and small ruminants (goats, sheep and local chicken). At least 20,000 Ha of maize and soybean is expected to be put under cultivation by the project.
The Ghana Agricultural Sector Investment Programme (GASIP) is a private sector-led value chains programme with a demand and market driven approach in its implementation. GASIP is MOFA’s main programme designed to provide the framework and institutional basis for long-term engagement and supplementary financing for scaling investments in value chains in Ghana. It is currently being funded by IFAD and the GOG. GASIP is nationwide with its National Project Office based in Accra with 2 Zonal offices in Kumasi and Accra.
The Food and Agricultural Sector Development Policy (FASDEP) of Ghana, which guides development and interventions in the agriculture sector, lists the following as constraints bedevilling the sector:
- Gender inequality and discrimination against women
- Inadequate road infrastructure
- Limiting market access
- Lack of long-term credit
- Unavailability of high-yielding planting material, poor agronomic practices, and cultivation of smallholdings.