Fanteakwa

BACKGROUND AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

The district lies within longitudes 0° 10 East and latitudes 6° 15’ North and 6° 40’ North.

BOUNDARIES

The district is located exactly in the middle of the Eastern Region.  It is bordered to the North by the Volta Lake, North – West by Kwahu South District, South – West by East Akim District, East by Manya Krobo and South East by Yilo Krobo Districts.

LAND AREA

Total land area                                   –    1,150sq km.

Cultivable area                                  –    76,133 ha.

POPULATION

Total population                                –    86,154  (2000 census)

No. of males                                        –   42,625

No. of females                                    –   43,529

Rate of increase                                 –   2.5% per annum

Farm family size                                 –   5.7

Density                                                –   74.9 / sq km  (2000 census)

Settlements                                       –   107

ETHNIC DISTRIBUTION

The indigenous tribe is Akims but the Krobo dominate the district, other tribes are Hausas and ewes.

GEOLOGY AND SOILS

Principal soil type is the forest ochrosol.  The major rock types are the Birimian and Voltarian formations.

TOPOGRAPHY AND DRAINAGE

The district is generally hilly and has an undulating landform. Average height of the land is about 8,762 metres above sea level.

  1. 1. VEGETATION

The vegetation consists basically of the wet-semi deciduous rain forest and the savanna scrub which is found to the North of the district on the hills close to the Volta Lake.

FOREST RESERVE

The district has a total of 291.42 sq. km of forest reserve.  These are Bisaa / Dede Forest Reserves, Worobong Forest Reserve and the Southern Scarp Reserve.

RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION

Rainfall is bimodal

  1. Major rains      –  March to early August with maximum in June.
  2. Minor rains      –  late August to November with maximum in October

Mean annual rainfall       –              1500       –              2000  mm.

Mean Annual Rainfall and Wet days

Year Actual Rainfall Mean Rainfall Mean Wet Days Mean Wet Days
2005 1,134.0 mm 94.5 mm 77 6
2006 *2,938.8 mm *244.9 mm *81 *7
2007 495.6 mm 82.6 mm 32 5
2008 1,286.9 mm 109 mm 107 9
2009 875.1 mm 72.9 mm 116 9.7
2010 *1,426.4 mm *118.9 mm 126 *10.5
Av. 6 years
  • Indicates mid year figure

HUMIDITY

Rainy season                                   –   75    –   80%

Dry season                                      –   56    –   70%

MAJOR REVERS

Akrum

Osubin

Amanfuesua

Dede

  1. 2. LAND TENURE SYSTEMS

Stool and family lands

Share cropping (ie Abunu & Abusa systems)

Leasehold

Rent system

FARMING SYSTEM

Bush fallow alongside slash and burn

CROP FARMING PATTERN

Mixed cropping

Mono cropping

Inter cropping

ANIMAL FARMING

Livestock and poultry are the main animals kept.   These include cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.  The cattle is found in the northern fringes of the district along the lake where the grassland vegetation is mostly predominant.

AGRICULTURAL LAND USE

Average farm size is 1 hectare.

AVERAGE FARM SIZE OF VARIOUS CROPS PER FARMER

Crop Average farm size  (Ha)
Maize 0.8
Cassava 0.8
Plantain 0.8
Cocoyam 0.25
Yam 0.25
Vegetables 025

IRRIGATION

An irrigation scheme operates along the Volta basin at Dedeso, Nakpanya, Adakofe and Petefour.

FISHERIES

This is carried out by the Dedeso, the main resettlement village in the District and other are Petefour, Dominase, Nakpanya, Boatkpanya and Adakofe.

MAJOR FOOD / TREE CROPS AND THEIR AREAS OF PRODUCTION

This is indicated in the Table below:

C R O P 2003 PRODUCTION

Hectarage: Mt / Hectare: Production: Major Area of Production  (MT)

Maize 11,600 2.0 23,2000 Dedeso, OSino, Begoro & Ehiamankyene
Cassava 14,000 16.0 224,000 Ahomahomasu, Ehiamankyene, Obooho, Begoro, Adjeikrom and Bosuso
Plantain 10,700 9.0 96,300 Apaah, Feyiase, Miaso, Ehiamankyene and Begoro
Cocoyam 10,000 8.0 80,000 Apaah, Feyiase, Ehiamankyene and Begoro
Yam 1,800 14.4 25,920 Dorminase, Begoro
Tomatoes 3,650 14.8 54,020 Ahomahomasu, Ehiamankyene, Obooho, Begoro Adjeikrom and Bosuso
Pepper 1,636 9.9 16,191 Dedeso, Miaso, Ahomahomasu, and Abuorso
Oil palm 161 8.0 1,288 Bosuso, Osino, Begoro
Citrus 15 25.0 375 Osino

POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION IN THE DISTRICT

Animal Areas of concentration No. of stock
Cattle Dedeso, Obooho, / all over the district 4,900
Sheep All over the district 18,760
Goats All over the district 22,123
Exotic Birds Begoro and Osine areas 50,472
Local Birds All over district 31,700

MAJOR MARKETS AND COMMODITIES SOLD

Market  centre Main food items Market Days
Ehiamankyene Maize. Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Cassava, Gari and Vegetable Saturday and Tuesday
Obooho Maize, Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Cassava Gari and Vegetable Thursday
Ahomahomasu Maize, Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Banana, Gari and Vegetable Wednesday
Begoro Cassava, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Banana,
Gari and Vegetable
Feriday
Miaso Maize, Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Banana, Gari and Vegetable Thursday
Abuorso Maize, Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Banana, Gari and Vegetable Saturday and Tuesday
Bosuso Maize, Plantain, Yam, Cocoyam, Plantain, Banana, Coconut, Sugar cane, Gari and Vegetables Friday

OPERATIONAL AREA  –  AGRIC EXTENSION AGENT / FARMERS RATIO

Total number of operational area is 32 and the AEA / Farmer Ratio is 1:1,500  approximately.

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